Biological and Phytotoxic Impacts of a Nanomaterial

  • Usha Rani Pathipati
  • Prasanna Laxmi Kanuparthi


The enhanced utilization of nanoparticles (NPs) in various sectors all over the globe amplified the necessity to explore its effects on environment and biota. Being minute in size, NPs can reach inside the plant cells and might directly induce alterations of membranes and other cell structures and molecules, as well as protective mechanisms. Indirect effects of NPs depend on their chemical and physical properties and may affect physiology and growth of plants as well as may induce production of reactive oxygen species. Many questions regarding the bioavailability of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) and their uptake by plants in either aerial and/or terrestrial mode of toxicity mechanisms are briefly discussed.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Usha Rani Pathipati
    • 1
  • Prasanna Laxmi Kanuparthi
    • 1
  1. 1.Biology and Biotechnology DivisionCSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical TechnologyHyderabadIndia

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