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Penetration and Accumulation of Carbon-Based Nanoparticles in Plants

  • Olga Zaytseva
  • Günter Neumann
Chapter

Abstract

Carbon-based nanomaterials (nanotubes, fullerenes, graphene) comprise an important class of industrial materials with a broad range of novel applications including composite materials, automotive industry, electronics, environmental applications and others. Constantly growing production volumes of these materials creates serious concerns regarding their potential release into the environment and negative impact on plants including important agricultural crops. During the last decade, a substantial progress has been made in investigation of the impact of carbon nanomaterials on plant physiology and development. Along with that evidences of nanoparticle penetration through cell barriers and their accumulation in plant tissues were reported in numerous studies. The objectives of the present review are to analyse the latest achievements in the area of carbon-based nanoparticle penetration and accumulation in plants and to discuss studies focused on investigation of the mechanisms of nanomaterials penetration and translocation within terrestrial and aquatic plants. The bioaccumulation of nanomaterials in plants and corresponding implications for food chains are also addressed.

Keywords

Carbon nanomaterials (CNMs) Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) Fullerenes Graphene Food chain 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Crop Science (340a)Hohenheim UniversityStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Crop Science (340h)Hohenheim UniversityStuttgartGermany

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