Alumina Nanoparticles and Plants: Environmental Transformation, Bioaccumulation, and Phytotoxicity
Aluminum oxide (alumina, Al2O3) nanoparticles (NPs) are one of the most abundantly manufactured metal oxides on a nanoscale. Nanoparticles are attractive for industry because of their exceptional properties; however, they simultaneously pose a threat for the environment. The below chapter discusses possible alumina nanoparticle transformations in water and soil, bioaccumulation by plants of aluminum originating from nanoparticles, and the main aspects of Al2O3 NP phytotoxicity.
- Asztemborska M, Steborowski R, Kowalska J et al (2015) Accumulation of aluminium by plants exposed to nano- and microsized particles of Al2O3. Int J Environ Res 9(1):109–116Google Scholar
- Bystrzejewska-Piotrowska G, Asztemborska M et al (2012) Influence of earthworms on extractability of metals from soils contaminated with Al2O3, TiO2, Zn, and ZnO nanoparticles and microparticles of Al2O3. Pol J Environ Stud 21(2):313–319Google Scholar
- Future Markets Inc. (2013) The global market for metal oxide nanoparticles to 2020, Technology report No 75Google Scholar
- Riahi-Madvar A, Rezaee F, Jalali V (2012) Effects of alumina nanoparticles on morphological properties and antioxidant system of Triticum aestivum. Iran J Plant Physiol 3(1):595–603Google Scholar