Selecting Candidates Online in Europe: A Comparison Among the Cases of M5S, Podemos and European Green Party

  • Maria Elisabetta Lanzone
  • Stefano Rombi


The chapter explores a recent trend in primary elections: the use of online platforms by new parties. In particular, it considers three cases in a comparative perspective: the Italian Five Star Movement (M5S), the Spanish Podemos and the European Green Party (EPG). As a way to emphasise its participatory purpose, in December 2012, the M5S organized for the first time an online primary to select parliamentary candidates. Since 2012, the M5S continues to promote the using of web platform among party members with a lot of consequences. In 2014, in the run-up to the European Elections, the EPG organized the first European-wide online primary proposed by a transnational party. More recently, in 2015, the Spanish Podemos employed an online platform called “” to select national candidates. So the main aim of this chapter is to analyse procedures and rules employed in online primaries by M5S, EPG and Podemos, in order to underline analogies and differences between these main cases. In general, the three cases underline a low participation level combined with a risk of manipulation by party central office. However, the EGP online primaries are, in all, the most inclusive, followed by those of Podemos and, finally, the case of the M5S.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of GenovaGenovaItaly
  2. 2.University of CagliariCagliariItaly

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