• Sherman Silber


Oliospermia, as we have mentioned, is generally refractory to urologic treatment and requires ICSI. ICSI has revolutionized the management of obgoasthenospermia. However, azoospermia is an even bigger hurdle. Thus, we will spend a lot of time on this subject, since there is now good treatment for both obstructive and even nonobstructive azoospermia.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sherman Silber
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Infertility Center of St. LouisSt. Luke’s HospitalSt. LouisUSA
  2. 2.University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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