Advertisement

eHealth, ePatient

  • Adam Morse
  • Ryan Chan
  • Richard BoothEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Principles of Specialty Nursing book series (PSN)

Abstract

Over the last two decades, the profession of nursing has experienced a range of technological advancements used to support patient safety and enhance practice and professional development. As patients and organizations continue to utilize technology for health-related purposes, healthcare providers must establish a deeper understanding of various elements related to the use of electronic health (eHealth) and informatics technologies in healthcare. To do this, a range of various concepts related to eHealth and health technology (i.e., eHealth, electronic health records [EHR], telemedicine, and ePatients) will be discussed in this chapter. Consumer applications of eHealth, implications of health literacy related to eHealth, and leadership in the utilization of technology for professional development will also be explored.

Keywords

eHealth Informatics Nursing Patient Electronic medical record Electronic health record 

References

  1. 1.
    Risling T. Educating the nurses of 2025: technology trends of the next decade. Nurse Educ Pract [Internet]. Elsevier Ltd; 2017;22:89–92.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2016.12.007.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mouttham A, Kuziemsky C, Langayan D, Peyton L, Pereira J. Interoperable support for collaborative, mobile, and accessible health care. Inf Syst Front. 2012;14(1):73–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society. Health Informatics Defined [Internet]. 2014. Available from: himss: http://www.himss.org/health-informatics-defined. Accessed 28 Feb 2018.
  4. 4.
    Booth RG. Educating the future eHealth professional nurse. Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh. 2006;3(1):Article 13.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Oh H, Rizo C, Enkin M, Jadad A. What is eHealth (3): a systematic review of published definitions. J Med Internet Res. 2005;7(1):1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lustria MLA, Smith SA, Hinnant CC. Exploring digital divides: an examination of eHealth technology use in health information seeking, communication and personal health information management in the USA. Health Informatics J. 2011;17(3):224–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shaw T, McGregor D, Brunner M, Keep M, Janssen A, Barnet S. What is eHealth (6)? Development of a conceptual model for eHealth: qualitative study with key informants. J Med Internet Res [Internet]. 2017;19(10):e324. Available from: http://www.jmir.org/2017/10/e324/PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Eysenbach G. What is e-health? J Med Internet Res. 2001;3(2):1–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Stein M, Deese D. Addressing the next decade of nursing challenges. Nurs Econ. 2004;22(5):273.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Black AD, Car J, Pagliari C, Anandan C, Cresswell K, Bokun T, et al. The impact of eHealth on the quality and safety of health care: a systematic overview. PLOS Med. 2011;8(1):e1000387.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000387.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Canada Health Infoway. Have an EMR? [Internet]. 2018. Available from: https://www.infoway-inforoute.ca/en/solutions/electronic-medical-records/have-an-emr. Accessed 10 Mar 2018.
  12. 12.
    American Academy of Family Physicians. Understanding features & functions of an EHR. [Internet]. 2014. Available from: http://www.aafp.org/practice-management/health-it/product/features-functions.html. Accessed 10 Mar 2018.
  13. 13.
    Boaden R, Joyce P. Developing the electronic health record: what about patient safety? Heal Serv Manag Res 2006;19(2): 94–104. Available from:  https://doi.org/10.1258/095148406776829103 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Irizarry T, DeVito Dabbs A, Curran CR. Patient portals and patient engagement: A state of the science review. J Med Internet Res. 2015;17(6): e148. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4526960/
  15. 15.
    Lyles CR, Sarkar U, Ralston JD, Adler N, Schillinger D, Moffet HH, et al. Patient–provider communication and trust in relation to use of an online patient portal among diabetes patients: The Diabetes and Aging Study. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013;20(6): 1128–31. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3822118/ PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ryu S. History of telemedicine: evolution, context, and transformation. Healthc Inform Res. 2010;16(1):65–6. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3089841/ PubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Nayak KS, Ronco C, Karopadi AN, Rosner MH. Telemedicine and remote monitoring: supporting the patient on peritoneal dialysis. Perit Dial Int. 2016;36(4):362–6.  https://doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2015.00021.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ontario Telemedicine Network. The OTN Advantage. [Internet]. 2014. Available from: https://otn.ca/how-is-otn-making-difference-in-ontario/otn-advantage/. Accessed 10 Mar 2018.
  19. 19.
    Cook KA, Modena BD, Simon RA. Improvement in asthma control using a minimally burdensome and proactive smartphone application. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2016;4(4):730–7.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2016.03.005.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Pohl M. 325,000 mobile health apps available in 2017 – Android now the leading mHealth platform. [Internet]. 2017. Available from: https://research2guidance.com/325000-mobile-health-apps-available-in-2017/. Accessed 10 Mar 2018.
  21. 21.
    Sinha A, Porter T, Wilson A. The use of online health forums by patients with chronic cough: Qualitative study. J Med Internet Res. 2018;20(1):e19.  https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.7975.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Eng DS, Lee JM. The promise and peril of mobile health applications for diabetes and endocrinology. Pediatr Diabetes. 2013;14(4):231–8.  https://doi.org/10.1111/pedi.12034.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Public Health Agency of Canada. Health literacy. [Internet]. 2018. Available from: https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/chronic-diseases/health-literacy.html. Accessed 10 Mar 2018.
  24. 24.
    U.S. Department of Education. The health literacy of America’s adults: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NCES 2006–483). [Internet]. Jessup: National Center for Education Statistics; 2006. 60p. Available from: https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2006/2006483.pdf
  25. 25.
    Ngoh LN. Health literacy: a barrier to pharmacist–patient communication and medication adherence. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2009;49(5):e132–49.  https://doi.org/10.1331/JAPhA.2009.07075.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Norman CD, Skinner HA. eHealth literacy: essential skills for consumer health in a networked world. J Med Internet Res. 2006;8(2):e9.. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1550701/ PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Oliveira JF. The effect of the internet on the patient-doctor relationship in a hospital in the city of São Paulo. J Inf Syst Technol Manag. 2014;11(2):327–44.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Public Health Agency of Canada. Health literacy: what is health literacy [Internet]. 2014. Available from http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/cd-mc/hl-ls/index-eng.php#tabs-2. Accessed 10 Mar 2018.
  29. 29.
    Mintzberg H. The manager’s job: folklore and fact. In: Vecchio RP, editor. Leadership: understanding the dynamics of power and influence in organizations. Notre Dame: Notre Dame Press; 1997. p. 35–53.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Remus S, Kennedy MA. Innovation in transformative nursing leadership: nursing informatics competencies and roles. Nurs Leadersh (Tor Ont). 2012;25(4):14–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Parker P. Technology alleviates bed management woes. Nurs Manag. 2005;36(2):48–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Huston C. The impact of emerging technology on nursing care: warp speed ahead. Online J Issues Nurs. 2013;18(2):1.  https://doi.org/10.3912/OJIN.Vol18No02Man01.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Erikson H, Salzmann-Erikson M. Future challenges of robotics and artificial intelligence in nursing: what can we learn from monsters in popular culture? Perm J. 2016;20(3):15–243.  https://doi.org/10.7812/TPP/15-243.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Arthur Labatt Family School of NursingWestern UniversityLondonCanada

Personalised recommendations