Educational Equality, Higher Education and the Nation State
Educational equality as a concept has almost universally been understood to be delimited by the borders of the nation state. In a world in which education is becoming increasingly internationalised, this raises a question – and indeed, a dilemma – of what should ideally happen to our nationally defined concepts, policies and practices surrounding equality in education. This chapter reviews some of the key debates over the meaning of educational equality, pointing out the ways in which these debates have all been set within the defining context of nation state borders. To address the dilemma of how (and whether) we should think about educational equality across borders, the chapter turns to the global justice literature. There we can find a clear rationale for why the principle of educational equality should be international in scope, at least in contexts where educational institutions are internationalised; a recognition that many debates over the meaning of educational equality at the national level are also relevant at the global level; and an identification of the key challenges that an effective agenda of globalizing education equality would need to resolve.
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