Music and Health in Everyday Life in Denmark: Associations Between the Use of Music and Health-Related Outcomes in Adult Danes

  • Ola Ekholm
  • Lars Ole BondeEmail author


This chapter presents a Danish epidemiological study of music as a health resource in the life of adult Danes. Data originates from the Danish Health and Morbidity Survey 2013. The survey was based on a random sample of 25,000 adult Danes (response rate: 57%). Besides standard health-related questions, the survey included eight specific questions addressing the informants’ music making, use of music in daily life and beliefs of music as a health resource. The results include (a) an overview of musical behaviours and beliefs in the adult population, (b) an examination of associations between singing/playing and various health-related outcomes such as quality of life and mental and physical health and (c) a closer look at self-rated health of adult amateur musicians and professional musicians versus non-musicians.

The study revealed significant differences in health behaviour between non-musicians, amateur musicians and professional musicians. A clear association was found between attending live concerts and reporting good health, and also believing that music activities and experiences can help to stay healthy. Gender and age are important variables in the interpretation of the results. Implications for public health initiatives are discussed.


Music Public health Musicking Epidemiology Everyday life 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Public HealthUniversity of Southern DenmarkCopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Communication and PsychologyAalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark

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