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Against Romanophobia, for Diversity and Equality: Exploring the Activism Modes of a “Movement Within a Movement” in Finland

  • Aino Saarinen
  • Heini Puurunen
  • Airi Markkanen
  • Anca Enache
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in European Political Sociology book series (PSEPS)

Abstract

The Finnish chapter by Aino Saarinen, Heini Puurunen, Airi Markkanen, and Anca Enache presents a “movement within a movement” that works to improve conditions for Eastern European Roma, the “beggars” who arrived in Finland as a result of EU’s free movement directive. The chapter is inspired by debates on acts of citizenship and the typology of political activism modes. It focuses on a few key pro-actors and their joint campaigning and annual forums with transnational links. Finnish Roma are mobilized for human rights and solidarity, but mobile Roma participate only for their economic interests. The political landscape is changing. The populist right-wingers are in the government where the Finns have promoted welfare nationalism/chauvinism. In the summer of 2017, however, the “migration critics” who took over the party ended up in opposition, whereas the new party in the making, to be called the Blue Future, is still in the government.

Keywords

Finland Mobile Roma Human rights Pro-actors Movement within a movement Activism modes 

Rage Sources

Field Notes (FN), Helsinki

  1. Panel Discussion on New Roma’s Housing, 23 May, 2013; Social Forum Finland: European Spring, 27 April, 2014; Humanist Association: On Romani Beggars, 8 May, 2014; Europe Day (Tampere), 9 May, 2014; International Romani Music (HDI/Kaalo), 14 May, 2014; Alm Granny, 15 May, 2014; World Village Festival, 24 May, 2014; 9 Gatherings, 23 May, 2014; Pride Festival, 29 June, 2014; Trampoline House (Copenhagen), 13 June, 2016.Google Scholar

Focus Groups (FG), Helsinki

  1. FG–1: Mobile Roma issue group, 20 May, 2014; FG–2: Multi-issue group, 27 May, 2014; FG-3: Transversal dialogue group, 3 June, 2014Google Scholar
  2. Interview for Rage with a Free Movement activist, 15 April, 2013.Google Scholar

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aino Saarinen
    • 1
  • Heini Puurunen
    • 2
  • Airi Markkanen
    • 3
  • Anca Enache
    • 2
  1. 1.Aleksanteri InstituteHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.University of Eastern FinlandJoensuuFinland

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