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Payments for Environmental Services: Between Forest Resource Management and Institutional Building

  • Ricardo Hernández-Murillo
  • Sazcha Marcelo Olivera-Villarroel
Chapter
Part of the Global Issues in Water Policy book series (GLOB, volume 20)

Abstract

Environmental services from the perspective of the State have as a public policy objective the conservation of natural environments as well as the coverage of plants that provide environmental services to society, while, from the owners’ point of view, decisions on the use of forests, whether through forest extraction activities or the change of land use for agricultural or urban activities, depend on the opportunity costs, the conditions of production, and access to economic resources. This chapter conceptualizes the understanding of environmental services from the economic point of view. The contrast and the workings of the payments for ecosystem services and the community forest management are analyzed; whereas in the last section, it examines the current design of ecological flows to appreciate the environmental services provided by rivers and wetlands. This is exemplified in a case study (Capulalpam de Mendez, Oaxaca). From this perspective, this chapter analyzes the current institutional framework that regulates environmental services such as the recognition of the ecological flow and the payment system for environmental services, emphasizing the contrast with the management of forest resources by forest owners and managers.

Keywords

Payment for environmental services Institutional framework Forest Ecological flow Capulalpam de Mendez Oaxaca 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ricardo Hernández-Murillo
    • 1
  • Sazcha Marcelo Olivera-Villarroel
    • 2
  1. 1.World Bank (in memory)MexicoMéxico
  2. 2.Departamento de Teoría y Procesos del DiseñoUniversidad Autónoma Metropolitana – CuajimalpaCiudad de MéxicoMexico

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