Advertisement

Effects of Water Availability and Policy Changes for Irrigated Agriculture

  • Antonio Yunez-NaudeEmail author
  • Patricia C. Aguilar-Mendez
Chapter
Part of the Global Issues in Water Policy book series (GLOB, volume 20)

Abstract

Water conservation and its efficient use in agricultural production are a challenge that has to be addressed by the Mexican government. In this chapter we present our research results on two aspects of this problem related to water availability and water pricing. For our study we use a general equilibrium model applied to Mexico focused on agricultural and food production. Two policy options are evaluated based on the Mexican state’s ownership and distribution of water resources: the reduction of water for irrigation and the increase of water prices paid for this use. Our results show that the water pricing option is superior because the negative effect of this option on crop production and food security is lower than reducing the water supply for irrigated agriculture. This conclusion is reinforced by the possibility that the reduction in water for irrigation may come from climate change and not from policy changes, i.e., pricing water for irrigation might promote a more efficient use of the same by farmers.

Keywords

General equilibrium models Irrigation Agricultural policy Water Government policy 

References

  1. Aragon Castaño, G. (2011). Un estudio sobre el uso del agua en México para la irrigación. MA thesis in Economics, El Colegio de Mexico.Google Scholar
  2. Berdegué, J., et al. (2015). Territorios Productivos: Un Programa Articulador para Reducir la Pobreza Rural a través del Incremento de la Productividad, la Producción y los Ingresos. RIMISP/Centro Latinoamericano para el Desarrollo Rural. Documento de Trabajo No. 131, 24 de march 2015, en. http://www.rimisp.org/proyectos/publicaciones-y-documentos/?p=programa-cohesion-territorial-para-el-desarrollo&c=documentos-de-trabajo
  3. Cook, E. R., et al. (2007). North American drought: Reconstructions, causes, and consequences. Earth Science Reviews, 81, 93–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cortez Vazquez, J. (2006). Mexico. In K. A. Shein (Ed.), State of the climate in 2005, special supplement, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 87(6), S66–S67.Google Scholar
  5. Diario Oficial de la Federación. (2013a, January 22). Decreto por el que se establece el Sistema Nacional para la Cruzada contra el Hambre, Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (Ministry for Social Development).Google Scholar
  6. Diario Oficial de la Federación. (2013b, December 11). Several decrees of the Ministry of Finance, 2nd Section, pp. 30–33.Google Scholar
  7. Diario Oficial de la Federación. (2013c, December 13). Vol. DCCXXIII no. 10, Approval of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock. Fisheries and Rural Development Program, 2013–2018, 50–112.Google Scholar
  8. Dyer, G., & Taylor, J. E. (2011). The corn price surge: Impacts in rural Mexico. World Development, 39, 1878–1887.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dyer, G., Taylor, & Yunez-Naude. (2005). Disaggregated rural economy-wide models for policy analysis. World Development, 33(10), 1671–1688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Govea Vargas, Y. (2017, May) Impactos de las políticas para el desarrollo sustentable de México: un enfoque multisectorial. MA thesis in economics, El Colegio de México.Google Scholar
  11. Guerrero, H. (2008). El Agua de México: Consecuencias de las Políticas de Intervención en el Sector. El Trimestre Económico, Lecturas No. 100, México, Fondo de Cultura Económica: 31–58 and 93–114.Google Scholar
  12. Lopez-Morales, C. (2012). “Valoración de servicios hidrológicos por costo de reemplazo: Análisis de escenarios para el Bosque de Agua”, Documento de trabajo de la Dirección General de Investigación en Ordenamiento Ecológico y Conservación de Ecosistemas. México: Instituto Nacional de Ecología. http://ine.gob.mx/descargas/dgioece/doc_bosque_de_agua.pdf
  13. Lopez-Morales, C., & Duchin F. (2011, December). Policies and technologies for a sustainable use of water in Mexico: A scenario analysis. Economic Systems Research, 23 (4), 387–407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mendelsohn, R., et al. (2009). A Ricardian analysis of Mexican farms. In Environment and development economics (Vol. 15, pp. 153–171). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Stahle, W., et al. (2009). Early 21st-century drought in Mexico. EOS, 90(11), 89–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Tiscareño, M., et al. (2003). Modeling el Niño southern oscilation climate impact on Mexican agriculture. Geofísica Inernacional, 42(003), 331–339.Google Scholar
  17. Ward, F. A., & Pulido M. (2012, November 25). Water conservation in irrigation can increase water use. In P. S. Dasgupta (Ed.), Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) (Vol. 105, 4, pp. 18215–18220), University of Cambridge, Cambridge. http://www.pnas.org/content/105/47/18215.full CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Yunez-Naude, A. (2006). Economic assessment of policy interventions in the water sector, Final report for the World Bank Project, Mexico Economic Sector Work (ESW).Google Scholar
  19. Yunez-Naude, A., & Aguilar, P. (2012). Análisis sectorial para una economía verde, final report for the project MX-GESS: Inter-American Development Bank, National Institute of Ecology and United Nations Program for the Environment.Google Scholar
  20. Yunez-Naude, A., & Hernandez-Solano, A. (2018). The Mexican agricultural sector two decades after NAFTA: Expectations, facts and policy challenges. In A. M. Buainain, Z. Navarro & M. Rocha de Sousa (Eds.), Globalization and agriculture: Redefining unequal development (pp. 71–92). Lanham: Lexington Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Yunez-Naude
    • 1
    Email author
  • Patricia C. Aguilar-Mendez
    • 2
  1. 1.El Colegio de Mexico, A.CMexico CityMexico
  2. 2.Independent ConsultantMexico CityMexico

Personalised recommendations