Advertisement

Collaborative Coastal Management in Brazil: Advancements, Challenges, and Opportunities

  • Cristiana Simão SeixasEmail author
  • Iain Davidson-Hunt
  • Daniela C. Kalikoski
  • Brian Davy
  • Fikret Berkes
  • Fabio de Castro
  • Rodrigo Pereira Medeiros
  • Carolina V. Minte-Vera
  • Luciana G. Araujo
Chapter
Part of the MARE Publication Series book series (MARE, volume 19)

Abstract

In Brazil, during the past 20 years, several dynamic collaborative coastal management (CCM) arrangements have emerged in response to a variety of changing social and ecological conditions. These arrangements have led to an equally large range of outcomes, such as the fishing agreements in the Amazon basin and marine extractive reserves in coastal areas. This chapter describes the evolution of these collaborative management arrangements in coastal Brazil. We begin by introducing the major policies related to environmental management in Brazil, focusing particularly on the evolution of fisheries management and protected areas management. We continue with an overview of (i) key events and issues that have shaped CCM in Brazil; (ii) the achievements for the advancement of CCM over the past years; and (iii) current challenges to the advancement of CCM. We conclude the chapter with our ideas and associated thinking about what lies ahead to promote CCM in Brazil.

Keywords

Participatory management Co-management Fisheries Protected areas 

References

  1. Abdallaha PR, Sumaila UR (2007) An historical account of Brazilian public policy on fisheries subsidies. Mar Policy 31:444–450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adriano J (2011) Rumo ao ecodesenvolvimento na zona costeira catarinse – estudo de caso sobre a experiência do Forum da Agenda 21 local da Lagoa de Ibiraquera, no período de 2001 a 2010. Doctoral dissertation, Universidade Federal de Santa CatarinaGoogle Scholar
  3. Aquino AZ, Bocarde F, Lima NAS, Ruffino ML (2007) Gestão participativa no manejo de recursos pesqueiros na Amazônia. In: Prates AP, Blanc D (eds) Áreas aquáticas protegidas como instrumentos de gestão pesqueira, Série Áreas Naturais Protegidas 4. MMA/SBF, Brasília, pp 227–246Google Scholar
  4. Araujo LG (2014) A pesca costeira artesanal de Paraty, R.J.: Uma análise multiescalar sob o enfoque da cogestão de recursos comuns (tese de doutorado). Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, BrasilGoogle Scholar
  5. Avritzer L (2007) Sociedade civil, instituições participativas e representação: Da autorização à legitimidade da ação. Dados 50(3):443–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Begossi A, Lopes PF, Oliveira LEC, Nakano H (2010) Ecologia de pescadores artesanais da Baía de Ilha Grande. Rima, São CarlosGoogle Scholar
  7. Bockstael E, Bahia NCF, Seixas CS, Berkes F (2016) Participation in protected area management planning in coastal Brazil. Environ Sci Pol 60:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Borba J, Sell CE (2007) Movimentos sociais, participação e democracia: contexto e perspectivas de debate no Brasil. Política e Sociedade 11:7–18Google Scholar
  9. Breton Y, Benazera C, Plante S, Cavanagh J (1996) Fisheries management and the Colonias in Brazil: a case study of a top-down producers’ organization. Soc Nat Resour 9(3):307–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bruckmeier K (2014) Problems of cross-scale coastal management in Scandinavia. Reg Environ 14(6):2151–2160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Castro E (2000) Território, biodiversidade e saberes de populações tradicionais. In: Diegues ACS (ed) Etnoconservação: novos rumos para a conservação da natureza. HUCITEC/NUPAUB-USP, São Paulo, pp 165–182Google Scholar
  12. Castro F (2002) From myths to rules: the evolution of local management in the Amazonian floodplain. Environ Hist 8(2):197–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Castro F (2012) Between cooperation and conflict: the implementation of agro-extractive settlements in the lower Amazon floodplain. In: Brondizio E, Moran E (eds) Human-environment interactions: current and future directions. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 213–234Google Scholar
  14. Christie P, White AT (1997) Trends in development of coastal area management in tropical countries: from central to community orientation. Coast Manag 25(2):155–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dias HM, Soares MLG (2007) Conflitos políticos, sociais e ambientais: O exemplo da carcinicultura no município de Caravelas, BA. In: Branquinho F, Felzenszwalb I (eds) Meio ambiente: experiências em pesquisa multidisciplinar e formação de pesquisadores. FAPERJ & Mauad X, Rio de Janeiro, pp 77–92Google Scholar
  16. Dias-Neto J (2003) Gestão do uso dos recursos pesqueiros marinhos no Brasil. IBAMA, BrasíliaGoogle Scholar
  17. Diegues ACS (1983) Pescadores, camponeses e trabalhadores do mar. Ática, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  18. Diegues ACS (2008) Marine protected areas and artisanal fisheries in Brazil. Samudra Monograph, International Collective in Support for Fishworkers, ChennaiGoogle Scholar
  19. Fabiano RB (2004).Conflitos socioambientais e gestão integrada e sustentável de recursos pesqueiros – estudo de caso sobre a atividade de carcinicultura na área da Lagoa de Ibiraquera (municípios de Imbituba e Garopaba, S.C). Doctoral dissertation, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina.Google Scholar
  20. Fletcher S (2007) Representing stakeholder interests in partnership approaches to coastal management: experiences from the United Kingdom. Ocean Coast Manag 50(8):606–622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Folke C, Hahn T, Olsson P, Norberg J (2005) Adaptive governance of social-ecological systems. Annu Rev Environ Resour 30(1):441–473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Gasalla MA (2011) Do all answers lie within (the community)? Fishing rights and marine conservation. In: Chuenpagdee R (ed) World small-scale fisheries: contemporary visions. Eburon Academic Publishers, Delft, pp 185–204Google Scholar
  23. Glaser M, Oliveira R (2004) Prospects for the co-management of mangrove ecosystems on the north Brazilian coast: whose rights, whose duties and whose priorities? Nat Res Forum 28:224–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hastings JG (2011) International environmental NGOs and conservation science and policy: a case from Brazil. Coast Manag 39(3):317–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hochstetler K, Keck ME (2007) Greening Brazil: environmental activism in state and society. Duke University Press, DurhamCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Holling CS, Meffe GK (1996) Command and control and the pathology of natural resource management. Conserv Biol 10(2):328–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Jentoft S (2003) Co-management–the way forward. In: Wilson DC, Nielsen JR, Degnbol P (eds) The fisheries co-management experience: accomplishments, challenges and prospects, Fish and Fisheries Series, Number 26. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 1–14Google Scholar
  28. Jorge MA (1997) Developing capacity for coastal management in the absence of the government: a case study in the Dominican Republic. Ocean Coast Manag 36(1–3):47–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kalikoski DC, Vasconcellos M, Lavkulich L (2002) Fitting institutions to ecosystems: the case of artisanal fisheries management in the estuary of the Patos Lagoon. Mar Policy 26(3):179–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kalikoski D, Seixas CS, Almudi T (2009) Gestão compartilhada e comunitária da pesca no Brasil: Avanços e desafios. Ambiente Sociedade 12(1):151–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lawless P (2015) Application of sociometric methods to collaborative coastal management. J Coast Conserv 19(5):653–665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Mahon R, McConney PA, Roy RN (2008) Governing fisheries as complex adaptive systems. Mar Policy 32(1):104–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. McGrath DG, Almeida OT, Merry FD (2007) The influence of community management agreements on household economic strategies: cattle grazing and fishing agreements on the lower Amazon floodplain. Int J Commons 1(1):67–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Medeiros RP (2009) Possibilidades e obstáculos à cogestão adaptativa de sistemas pesqueiros artesanais: estudo de caso na área da Baía de Tijucas, litoral centro-norte do Estado de Santa Catarina, no período de 2004 a 2008. Doctoral thesis, Universidade Federal de Santa CatarinaGoogle Scholar
  35. Mendonça FC, Talbot V, Macedo HS (2014) Reflexões sobre a participação social em unidades de conservação e a contribuição do Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade. In: Bensusan N, Prates AP (eds) A diversidade cabe na unidade? Áreas protegidas no Brasil. IEB, Brasília, pp 269–307Google Scholar
  36. Moura RL, Minte-Vera CV, Curado IB, Bastos Francini-Filho R, Lima Rodrigues HC, Fraga Dutra G, Corrêa Alves D, Bezerra Souto J (2009) Challenges and prospects of fisheries co-management under a marine extractive reserve framework in Northeastern Brazil. Coast Manag 37(6):617–632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Pinto da Silva P (2004) From common property to co-management: lessons from Brazil’s first maritime extractive reserve. Mar Policy 28:419–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Plummer R, FitzGibbon J (2004) Some observations on the terminology in co-operative environmental management. J Environ Manag 70:63–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pomeroy RS, Berkes F (1997) Two to tango: the role of government in fisheries co-management. Mar Policy 21(5):465–480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Pomeroy RS, Carlos MB (1997) Community-based coastal resource management in the Philippines: a review and evaluation of programs and projects, 1984–1994. Mar Policy 21(5):445–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Salas S, Chuenpagdee R, Seijo JC, Charles AT (2007) Challenges in the assessment and management of small-scale fisheries in Latin America and the Caribbean. Mar Policy 87(1):5–16Google Scholar
  42. Scherer M, Sanches M, Negreiros DH (2009) Gestão das zonas costeiras e as políticas públicas no Brasil: um diagnóstico. Red Iberoamericana de Manejo Costero/Brasil, Agência Brasileira de Gerenciamento Costeiro.Google Scholar
  43. Scherer-Warren I, Luchmann LHH (2004) Situando o debate sobre movimentos sociais e sociedade civil no Brasil – Introdução. Política Sociedade 5:13–35Google Scholar
  44. Seixas CS (2008) Co-managing a complex commons: The case of a marine protected area established along a coastal urban setting in Brazil. Paper presented at the 12th biennial conference of the international association for the study of commons, University of Gloucestershire, Cheltenham, UK, 14–18 July 2008 (Digital library of the commons: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/1587)
  45. Seixas CS, Kalikoski D (2009) Gestão participativa da pesca no Brasil: levantamento das iniciativas e documentação dos processos. Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente 20:119–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Seixas CS, Dias ACE, De Freitas RR (2017) Navigating from government-centralized management to adaptive co-management in a marine protected area, Paraty, Brazil: turbulence, winds of opportunity, and progress towards transformation. In: Armitage D, Berkes F, Charles A (eds) Governing the coastal commons. Routledge, New York, pp 157–180Google Scholar
  47. Silva CNS, Broadhurst MK, Pereira Medeiros R, Guanais JHDG (2013) Resolving environmental issues in the southern Brazilian artisanal Penaeid-trawl fishery through adaptive co-management. Mar Policy 42(November):133–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Trimble M, Berkes F (2013) Participatory research towards co-management: lessons from artisanal fisheries in coastal Uruguay. J Environ Manag 128:768–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Vasconcellos M, Diegues AC, Sales RR (2007) Limites e possibilidades na gestão da pesca artesanal costeira. In: Costa AL (ed) Nas redes da pesca artesanal. IBAMA/PNUD, Brasília, pp 15–83Google Scholar
  50. Vasconcellos M, Diegues AC, Kalikoski D (2011) Coastal fisheries of Brazil. In: Salas S, Chuenpagdee R, Charles A, Seijo JC (eds) Coastal fisheries of Latin America and the Caribbean. FAO fisheries and aquaculture technical paper no. 544, FAO, Rome, pp 73–116Google Scholar
  51. Verheij E, Makoloweka S, Kalombo H (2004) Collaborative coastal management improves coral reefs and fisheries in Tanga, Tanzania. Ocean Coast Manag 47(7–8):309–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Viana JP, Castello L, Damasceno JMB, Amaral ESR, Estupiñán GMB, Arantes C, Batista GS, Garcez DS, Barbosa S (2007) Manejo comunitário do Pirarucu Arapaima gigas na reserva de desenvolvimento sustentável Mamirauá – Amazonas, Brasil. In: Prates AP, Blanc D (eds) Áreas aquáticas protegidas como instrumentos de gestão pesqueira, Série Áreas Naturais Protegidas 4. MMA/SBF, Brasília, pp 249–271Google Scholar
  53. Vieira MARM, Santos CR, Seixas CS (2015) Oportunidades na legislação brasileira para sistemas de gestão compartilhada da pesca costeira. Bol Inst Pesca 41:995–1012Google Scholar
  54. Wever L, Glaser M, Gorris P, Ferrol-Schulte D (2012) Decentralization and participation in integrated coastal management: policy lessons from Brazil and Indonesia. Ocean Coast Manag 66:63–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristiana Simão Seixas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Iain Davidson-Hunt
    • 2
  • Daniela C. Kalikoski
    • 3
  • Brian Davy
    • 4
  • Fikret Berkes
    • 2
  • Fabio de Castro
    • 5
  • Rodrigo Pereira Medeiros
    • 6
  • Carolina V. Minte-Vera
    • 7
  • Luciana G. Araujo
    • 8
  1. 1.Environmental Study and Research CenterUniversity of CampinasCampinasBrazil
  2. 2.University of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  3. 3.FAORomeItaly
  4. 4.University of OttawaOttawaCanada
  5. 5.University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  6. 6.Centro de Estudo do MarUniversidade Federal do ParanáCuritibaBrazil
  7. 7.State University of MaringaMaringáBrazil
  8. 8.University of CampinasCampinasBrazil

Personalised recommendations