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The Economic Importance of Strawberry Crops

  • David Simpson
Chapter
Part of the Compendium of Plant Genomes book series (CPG)

Abstract

Strawberries are produced commercially in 76 countries. China is the largest producer and the top five producing nations also include USA, Mexico, Turkey and Spain. Production continues to increase, particularly in Asia, North and Central America, and North Africa with a matching increase in demand in many parts of the world. The development of the strawberry industry in California in the twentieth century was followed by rapid expansion of local industries in many other parts of the world including the Mediterranean region, Central and South America, Australia and China. In all of these regions, it was possible to identify the areas where a combination of short days with warm or mild temperatures made it possible to produce high yields over a long season. Plant breeding has had a very significant role in increasing the geographical adaptation of strawberries. The most notable achievement has been to transform the crop from a plant with a short season of production and a modest yield of small, soft berries to a highly productive plant capable of cropping over a long period with large, firm berries suitable for shipping over long distances.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NIAB EMREast MallingUK

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