Ecology, Diversity and Conservation of Saproxylic Hymenopteran Parasitoids

  • Jacek HilszczańskiEmail author
Part of the Zoological Monographs book series (ZM, volume 1)


The ecological adaptations of parasitoids associated with bark- and wood-boring insects, i.e. saproxylic insects, are presented principally from examples of Ichneumonoidea but also other families of saproxylic parasitoids typically associated with insects inhabiting dead wood. Morphological adaptations to hosts living in wood, behaviours related to parasitism of the host and life strategies of saproxylic idiobionts and koinobionts are characterised. From the example of Doryctes leucogaster (Nees) (Doryctinae, Braconidae), details of searching behaviour and the oviposition process are described. Brief summaries of the main “saproxylic” subfamilies of Ichneumonidae and Braconidae followed by Stephanidae, Aulacidae, Ibaliidae and Orussidae are included. Habitat requirements of saproxylic ichneumonoid parasitoids in boreal and temperate forests are presented in relation to forest successional stage and the type and position of woody substrates. The potential role of saproxylic parasitoids as indicators of saproxylic habitat quality is discussed, and the lack of ecological knowledge for most saproxylic parasitoid taxa, especially from tropical zones, is indicated.


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© This is a U.S. government work and its text is not subject to copyright protection in the United States; however, its text may be subject to foreign copyright protection.  2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Forest ProtectionForest Research InstituteRaszynPoland

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