Advertisement

Battery Size Impact in Green Coverage of Datacenters Powered by Renewable Energy: A Latitude Comparison

  • Enida Sheme
  • Sébastien Lafond
  • Dorian Minarolli
  • Elinda Kajo Meçe
  • Simon Holmbacka
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 17)

Abstract

The use of renewable energy is a major trend to meet datacenters energy needs. However, its intermittent nature requires energy storage devices to store the over produced energy when not being used. Thus, the green coverage value, representing the fraction of total energy consumption covered by renewable energy, is increased. In this paper, we analyze the impact of using different battery sizes to optimize renewable energy usage. We have built a battery simulation tool able to provide the battery state, track the amount of stored and used energy by the battery as a function of the energy consumed by a datacenter and the energy produced by solar panels. We show the impact of battery size on the green coverage percentage, green energy loss, and brown energy taken from the traditional grid. A comparison of these metrics is made for three different geographical locations at 10\(^{\circ }\), 35\(^{\circ }\), and 60\(^{\circ }\) latitude. We discuss the competitiveness of constructing datacenters in different geographical locations based on the results.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work presented in this paper has been supported by the Erasmus Mundus programme.

References

  1. 1.
    Corcoran, P., Andrae, A.: Emerging Trends in Electricity Consumption for Consumer ICT (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shehabi, A., Smith, S.J., Sartor, D.A., Brown, R.E., Herrlin, M., Koomey, J.G., Masanet, E.R., Horner, N., Azevedo, I.L., Lint-ner, W.: United states data center energy usage report. Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Technical report 06/2016 (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wang, D., Ren, C., Sivasubramaniam, A., Urgaonkar, B., Fathy, H.: Energy storage in datacenters: what, where, and how much? In: Proceedings of the 12th ACM SIGMETRICS/PERFORMANCE Joint International Conference on Measurement and Modeling of Computer Systems, SIGMETRICS 2012, pp. 187–198, June 2012Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Amrouche, S., Rekioua, D., Rekioua, T.: Overview of energy storage in renewable energy systems. Int. J. Hydrogen Energ. 41(45), 20914–20927 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    SevketGuney, M.: YalcinTepe: classification and assessment of energy storage systems. Renew. Sustain. Energ. Rev. 75, 1187–1197 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kong, F., Liu, X.: A survey on green-energy-aware power management for datacenters. ACM Comput. Surv. (CSUR) 47(2) (2015)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ayre, J.: Tesla Completes Worlds Largest Li-ion Battery in South Australia (2017). https://cleantechnica.com/2017/11/23/tesla-completes-worlds-largest-li-ion-battery-129-mwh-energy-storage-facility-south-australia-notfree. Accessed 23 Nov 2017
  8. 8.
    Li, Y., Orgerie, A., Menaud, J.: Balancing the use of batteries and opportunistic scheduling policies for maximizing renewable energy consumption in a Cloud data center. In: 25th Euromicro International Conference on Parallel, Distributed and Network-Based Processing (2017)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Deng, W., Liu, F., Jin, H., Wu, C., Liu, X.: MultiGreen: cost-minimizing multi-source datacenter power supply with online control. In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Future Energy Systems (e-Energy 14), Berkeley, California, pp. 149–160, May 2013Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ghiassi-Farrokhfal, Y., Keshav, S., Rosenberg, C.: An EROI-based analysis of renewable energy farms with storage. In: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Future Energy Systems (e-Energy 14), Cambridge, United Kingdom, pp. 3–13, June 2014Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kong, F., Liu, X.: GreenPlanning: optimal energy source selection and capacity planning for green datacenters. In: 7th International Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems (ICCPS), Vienna, Austria, April 2016Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Deng, W., Liu, F., Jin, H.: SmartDPSS: cost-minimizing multi-source power supply for datacenters with arbitrary demand. In: 33rd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCS), Philadelphia, PA, USA, July 2013Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Urgaonkar, R., Urgaonkar, B., Neely, M., Sivasubramaniam, A.: Optimal power cost management using stored energy in data centers. In: Proceedings of the ACM SIGMETRICS Joint International Conference on Measurement and Modeling of Computer Systems, SIGMETRICS 2011, New York, USA, pp. 221–232 (2011)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    This giant battery is whats been missing in the renewable-energy revolution. Wall Str. J. (2017)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Worland, J.: How Batteries Could Revolutionize Renewable Energy (2017). http://time.com/4756648/batteries-clean-energy-renewables. Accessed 1 May 2017
  16. 16.
    Wikipedia: Tesla Powerwall (2017). Last edited on 17 November 2017Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Holmbacka, S., Sheme, E., Lafond, S., Frasheri, N.: Geographical competitiveness for powering datacenters with renewable energy. In: Carretero, J., Garcia-Blas, J., Margenov, S. (eds.) Third Nesus Action Workshop on Network for Sustainable Ultrascale Computing (NESUS) (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enida Sheme
    • 1
  • Sébastien Lafond
    • 2
  • Dorian Minarolli
    • 1
  • Elinda Kajo Meçe
    • 1
  • Simon Holmbacka
    • 2
  1. 1.Polytechnic University of TiranaTiranaAlbania
  2. 2.Åbo Akademi UniversityTurkuFinland

Personalised recommendations