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Root Biology pp 409-427 | Cite as

Impact of Climate Change on Root–Pathogen Interactions

  • Parinita Singh
  • Touseef Hussain
  • Seema Patel
  • Nadeem Akhtar
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 52)

Abstract

The pathogenicity of microbes in the rhizosphere is influenced by the change in climatic conditions. The modification in climate factors as temperature, CO2, moisture, etc. enhances the abundance and virulence of soilborne pathogens residing in the rhizosphere. Among, microbial communities, fungi such as Fusarium and Rhizoctonia infect a wide range of commercially-significant crops and can significantly affect world economy. To vanquish the phytopathogens, an array of chemical pesticides is used, which compromise soil health by altering its biochemical attributes. Indeed, biological control is proposed to be the sustainable alternative of the chemical additives, but it has limitations. The nexus between climate change and phytopathogen functions requires better comprehension to avoid crop loss and to tackle food insecurity.

Keywords

Climate change Rhizosphere Soilborne pathogens Biological control 

Notes

Acknowledgment

We are grateful for the suggestions we received from Er. Gourav Dhiman, Assistant Professor, Chandigarh University, Punjab, in completion of this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Parinita Singh
    • 1
  • Touseef Hussain
    • 2
  • Seema Patel
    • 3
  • Nadeem Akhtar
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyChandigarh UniversityMohaliIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  3. 3.Bioinformatics and Medical Informatics Research Centre, San Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  4. 4.Department of Animal BiosciencesUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

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