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Root Biology pp 341-365 | Cite as

Unfolding the Role of Rhizomicrobiome Toward Sustainable Agriculture

  • Sanjana Kaul
  • Suruchi Gupta
  • Tanwi Sharma
  • Manoj K. Dhar
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 52)

Abstract

Sustainable agriculture symbolizes accomplished utilization of natural resources while ensuring the well-being of natural environment. It integrates the goals of environmental preservation, economic growth, and socioeconomic equality. For sustainable development of the human world, sustainable agriculture is the need of the hour. The broad application of microbes in sustainable agriculture is due to the genetic dependency of plants on the beneficial functions provided by symbiotic microbes. They can play instrumental role in transforming conventional agriculture to the sustainable one. Diverse microbial communities are symbiotically associated with plants as endophytes and epiphytes and rhizospheric communities. Structural as well as functional diversity exists among these communities. For the better understanding and positive exploitation of such communities in sustainable agriculture, it is inevitable to study each community individually. In the present chapter, the importance of rhizospheric communities, which can also be called as the rhizomicrobiome, has been addressed. Rhizosphere is the area around plant roots influenced by root exudates. It is a complex system in terms of chemical, biological, as well as physical properties. Plant–microbe interactions in the rhizosphere involve diverse relationships including plant growth promotion, plant protection, pathogenesis, competition, etc. Rhizospheric microbes are involved in the biogeochemical cycling of organic matter as well as mineral nutrients. Microbe-based growth promotion in plants could provide effective ways of developing sustainable agriculture in order to ensure human and animal food production with a minimal disturbance of the environment.

Keywords

Rhizosphere Sustainable agriculture PGPR Rhizomicrobiome 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are thankful to the Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India, for facilities for conducting work on microbial endobiome of medicinal plants. SK acknowledges DBT, Govt. of India, for funding of the research project on bioprospecting fungal endophytes of medicinal plants (BT/PR9538/NDB/39/425/2013). SG is thankful to the Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India, for fellowship, DBT JRF, and SRF (DBT-JRF/2011-12/252). Coordinator Bioinformatics Centre, DBT-BIF, School of Biotechnology, is also acknowledged for providing facilities.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjana Kaul
    • 1
  • Suruchi Gupta
    • 1
  • Tanwi Sharma
    • 1
  • Manoj K. Dhar
    • 1
  1. 1.School of BiotechnologyUniversity of JammuJammuIndia

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