Behavioral and Technological Adaptation

  • W. Jon WilliamsEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Medical Earth Sciences book series (BRIEFSMEEASC)


Maintaining a euhydrated state is critical for normal biochemical and physiological function. Hydration is normally a dynamic process of the constant loss of water from the body (insensible as well as dynamic water loss from sweating) being replaced through drinking, eating, and the metabolism of food. Significant water loss from sweating during exercise must be replaced to avoid heat and other related injuries. Monitoring of physiological processes has occurred from ancient times but has become sophisticated in the last 100 years. Wearable wireless monitoring has been developed allowing the wearer to determine their physiological status under a variety of conditions (exercise, environmental). Monitoring may help avoid injury that may occur when physiological limits are exceeded (e.g., heat stroke). In addition to physiological monitoring, wearable cooling technologies have been developed which limit the effects of environment on the physiological burden of the environment reducing the risk of heat injury to workers.


Hydration Exercise Heat stress Metabolism Wireless physiological monitoring Cooling technologies 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Center for Disease Control and Protection (CDC)PittsburghUSA

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