Advertisement

Prince Pedro, A Case of Dynastic Disloyalty in Fifteenth Century Portugal?

  • Ana Maria S. A. Rodrigues
Chapter
Part of the Queenship and Power book series (QAP)

Abstract

Third son of John I (r. 1385–1433), the founder of the Portuguese Avis dynasty, and of Philippa of Lancaster (r. 1385–1415), infante Pedro died in 1449 in the battle of Alfarrobeira, fighting against his king and nephew Alphonse V, in whose name he had been regent. The circumstances of his death, but also of his accession to the regency in 1438, were controversial among his contemporaries, and remain so today among Portuguese historians. Costa-Gomes recently observed that modern (pre)conceptions have biased the debate and suggested we pay more attention to the perceptions of those involved in the events. Rodrigues uses contemporary sources to demonstrate that the conflict arose because different conceptions of loyalty and honor coexisted in the political societies of the Iberian monarchies. However, dynastic interests could recommend reconciliation, and women—especially Queen Isabel, Pedro’s daughter, and the duchess of Burgundy, Pedro’s sister, also named Isabel—helped to unite the estranged family members.

Bibliography

  1. Benito Ruano, Eloy. Los infantes de Aragón. 2nd ed. Madrid: Real Academia de la Historia, 2002.Google Scholar
  2. Carrillo de Huete, Pedro. Crónica del Halconero de Juan II. Edited by Juan de Mata Carriazo. Granada: Universidad de Granada, 2006.Google Scholar
  3. Costa-Gomes, Rita. “Alfarrobeira: The Death of the Tyrant?” In Death at Court. Edited by Karl-Heinz Spieß and Immo Warntjes, 135–158. Wiesbaden: Harrassovitz Verlag, 2012.Google Scholar
  4. Cunha, Mafalda Soares da. “Estratégias senhoriais na regência do infante D. Pedro.” Estudos Medievais 9 (1988): 269–290.Google Scholar
  5. Faria, Tiago Alexandre Viúla de. “Pela ‘Santa Garrotea’: Ofício cavaleiresco nas vésperas de Alfarrobeira.” In XIV Colóquio de História Militar: Portugal e os Conflitos Militares Internacionais. Actas. Volume II, 61–86. Lisbon: Comissão Portuguesa de História Militar, 2005.Google Scholar
  6. Fonseca, Luís Adão da. O condestável D. Pedro de Portugal. Porto: Instituto Nacional da Investigação Científica, 1982.Google Scholar
  7. Gomes, Saul António. “João Eanes Rabuço e o túmulo de D. Afonso V e de D. Isabel.” In Vésperas Batalhinas. Estudos de História e Arte, 253–6. Leiria: Magno, 1997.Google Scholar
  8. ———. D. Afonso V. Lisbon: Temas e Debates, 2009.Google Scholar
  9. Landim, Gaspar Dias de. O infante D. Pedro. 3 Volumes. Lisbon: Biblioteca de Clássicos Portugueses, 1892.Google Scholar
  10. Monumenta Henricina. 14 Volumes. Coimbra: Comissão Executiva das Comemorações do V Centenário da Morte do Infante D. Henrique, 1960–74.Google Scholar
  11. Moreno, Humberto Baquero. “A conspiração contra D. João II: o julgamento do duque de Bragança,” Arquivos do Centro Cultural Português 2 (1970): 47–103.Google Scholar
  12. ———. A batalha de Alfarrobeira. Antecedentes e significado histórico. 2 Volumes. Coimbra: Universidade de Coimbra, 1979.Google Scholar
  13. ———. “Isabel de Urgell e a política do seu tempo.” In A Mulher na Sociedade Portuguesa: Visão Histórica e Perspectivas Actuais. Volume 2, 415–25. Coimbra: Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Coimbra, 1986.Google Scholar
  14. “Panegírico do Infante D. Pedro.” Edited by Luís Silveira, Ocidente XXIV-79 (1944): 205–17.Google Scholar
  15. Pérez de Guzmán, Fernán. Crónica del Serenísimo Príncipe Don Juan, segundo rey deste nombre en Castilla y en León. In Crónicas de los reyes de Castilla. Edited by Cayetano Rosell, 273–695. Madrid: M. Rivadeneyra, 1877.Google Scholar
  16. Pina, Rui de. Chronica do Senhor Rey D. Affonso V. In Crónicas de Rui de Pina. Edited by M. Lopes de Almeida, 577–881. Porto: Lello & Irmão Editores, 1977.Google Scholar
  17. Porras Arboledas, Pedro Andrés. Juan II rey de Castilla y León (1406–1454). Gijón: Trea, 2009.Google Scholar
  18. Ramos, Manuel Francisco. “Orationes de Jean Jouffroy em favor do infante D. Pedro (1449–1450)—Retórica e Humanismo Cívico.” PhD dissertation, University of Porto, 2006.Google Scholar
  19. Rodrigues, Ana Maria S.A. “Between Husband and Father: Queen Isabel of Lancaster’s Crossed Loyalties,” Imago Temporis. Medium Aevum, 3 (2009): 205–218.Google Scholar
  20. ———. As tristes rainhas: Leonor de Aragão, Isabel de Coimbra. Lisbon: Círculo de Leitores, 2012.Google Scholar
  21. Romero Portilla, Paz. Dos monarquías medievales ante la modernidad. Relaciones entre Portugal y Castilla. Coruña: Universidade da Coruña, 1999.Google Scholar
  22. Sommé, Monique. Isabelle de Portugal, duchesse de Bourgogne. Une femme au pouvoir au XV e siècle. Lille: Presses Universitaires du Septentrion, 1988.Google Scholar
  23. Sousa, António Caetano de. Provas da História Genealógica da Casa Real Portuguesa. Edited by M. Lopes de Almeida and César Pegado. 12 Volumes. Coimbra: Atlântida, 1946–1954.Google Scholar
  24. Suárez Fernández, Luis. “Los Trastámaras de Castilla y Aragón en el siglo XV (1407–74).” In Historia de España. Edited by Ramón Menéndez Pidal. Vol. XV, 1–378. 4th ed. Madrid: Espasa Calpe, 1986.Google Scholar
  25. Viegas, Valentino. Lisboa a força da revolução (1383–1385). Lisbon: Livros Horizonte, 1985.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Maria S. A. Rodrigues
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LisbonLisbonPortugal

Personalised recommendations