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Nutrition Support in Postoperative Cardiac of Adult Cardiac Surgery Patients

  • Abdolreza Norouzy
  • Mehdi Shadnoush
Chapter

Abstract

Malnutrition is a major morbidity and mortality risk factor in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Also the risk of malnutrition in post cardiac surgery ICU is estimated be more than 50% of admitted cases. Strategies to combat malnutrition in these patients should be included by routine screening of nutritional status prior to surgery and conditioning nutritional therapy in malnourished patients before surgery. Applying ERAS (Early Recovery After Surgery) protocols in order to optimizing timing of the pre-surgical fasting and re-starting feeding after surgery would be an important step in medical nutrition therapy in cardiac surgery patients. Our aim is to reduce both these timings. Recent scientific evidences have been showing the importance of providing extra micronutrients in this group of patients. Making sure to achieve the growth mile stones in pediatric patients is another issue we should take into consideration in nutritional management of cardiac surgery patients.

Keywords

Malnutrition in cardiac surgery patients Nutritional status screening Medical nutrition therapy and nutritional support protocols Medical nutrition therapy in pediatrics cardiac surgery 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Nutrition, School of MedicineMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran
  2. 2.Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition Sciences and Food TechnologyShahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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