The Science of Knowing Spirits: Rationality and the Invisible World

  • Nancy Mandeville Caciola
Part of the Palgrave Historical Studies in Witchcraft and Magic book series (PHSWM)


In the beginning—the very beginning—God created spirits. Before the material world existed, before the heavens were ornamented with lights, before the firmament was set apart from the waters, before the fixed, dry earth was populated with plants and animals, and, finally, before the human race was formed from the dust of the earth, spirits already flitted above the stars. The spirit world is, according to Christian understanding, the very oldest aspect of the universe after God himself.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nancy Mandeville Caciola
    • 1
  1. 1.University of California San DiegoUSA

Personalised recommendations