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Fundamentals of Robotic Surgery

  • Tomoko Mizota
  • Victoria G. Dodge
  • Dimitrios Stefanidis
Chapter

Abstract

Minimally invasive surgery has become an integral part of surgical treatment owing to extensive benefits for both patients and medical professionals. As technology has continuously progressed, robotic surgery systems have been developed to address limitations in laparoscopic technology in hopes of improving surgeon performance and patient outcomes. Robotic surgery has consequently shown tremendous growth in the past 20 years but has come under scrutiny for adverse events in part related to inadequate surgical skill. Indeed, unlike simulation training for laparoscopic skill acquisition, training in robotic surgery outside the operating room has not been widely integrated. Appropriate training, which ensures surgeon competency, is essential to implement safe surgery. With the aim of standardization in robotic surgery training, a proficiency-based progression curriculum, the Fundamentals of Robotic Surgery (FRS), was developed. FRS is the result of several consensus conferences by over 80 robotic surgery experts and academicians from around the world. This chapter highlights features and advantages of robotic surgery systems and describes the outline of the FRS curriculum.

Keywords

Surgical skill Simulation training Proficiency Competency 

Suggested Readings

  1. Lendvay TS, Hannaford B, Satava RM. Future of robotic surgery. Cancer J. 2013;19(2):109–19.CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Smith R, Patel V, Satava R. Fundamentals of robotic surgery: a course of basic robotic surgery skills based upon a 14-society consensus template of outcomes measures and curriculum development. Int J Med Robot. 2014;10(3):379–84.CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Chang L, Satava RM, Pellegrini CA, Sinanan MN. Robotic surgery: identifying the learning curve through objective measurement of skill. Surg Endosc. 2003;17(11):1744–8.CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomoko Mizota
    • 1
  • Victoria G. Dodge
    • 1
  • Dimitrios Stefanidis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryIndiana University School of MedicineIndianapolisUSA

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