Fundamentals of Robotic Surgery
Minimally invasive surgery has become an integral part of surgical treatment owing to extensive benefits for both patients and medical professionals. As technology has continuously progressed, robotic surgery systems have been developed to address limitations in laparoscopic technology in hopes of improving surgeon performance and patient outcomes. Robotic surgery has consequently shown tremendous growth in the past 20 years but has come under scrutiny for adverse events in part related to inadequate surgical skill. Indeed, unlike simulation training for laparoscopic skill acquisition, training in robotic surgery outside the operating room has not been widely integrated. Appropriate training, which ensures surgeon competency, is essential to implement safe surgery. With the aim of standardization in robotic surgery training, a proficiency-based progression curriculum, the Fundamentals of Robotic Surgery (FRS), was developed. FRS is the result of several consensus conferences by over 80 robotic surgery experts and academicians from around the world. This chapter highlights features and advantages of robotic surgery systems and describes the outline of the FRS curriculum.
KeywordsSurgical skill Simulation training Proficiency Competency
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