Phlebotominae (Diptera, Psychodidae): Classification, Morphology and Terminology of Adults and Identification of American Taxa

  • Eunice A. B. GalatiEmail author


The development of our knowledge of the evolution of organisms has been highly dynamic and has led to alterations in the systematics and consequently in the taxonomy of living beings. These alterations certainly cause problems for beginners in the field or those who are dedicated to other branches of science and need this knowledge, especially when the modifications made take place at the genera level, because they imply changes in the nomenclature of the species (Lewis et al. 1977; Artemiev 1991). However, this is an inevitable aspect of science that serves as a stimulus in the search for a system that will truly reflect the affinities among the taxa and contribute to the understanding of the relationship between organisms, which is especially important in the case of vectors and parasites. Thus, we judged it opportune to present a historical sketch of the classification of the Phlebotominae in order to provide the basic elements for those who have to deal with changes of nomenclature.



To the students of the Specialization Course in Medical Entomology, 1995−2001 and those of the discipline of Bioecology and Phlebotominae Identification of the post-graduation program in Public Health 1998−2016, and also to the trainees of the Laboratory of Entomology in Public Health/Phlebotominae of the Department of Epidemiology—Public Health School of the University of São Paulo, for their criticisms and suggestions presented to the identification keys. To Mr. Arthur Anthony Boorne for his correction of the English text. I am particularly grateful to Rodrigo Espíndola Godoy who assisted me with the digitalization of the figures and revision of the manuscript.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculdade de Saúde PúblicaUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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