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Measurements of the Insula Volume Using MRI

  • Niyazi Acer
  • Mehmet Turgut
Chapter

Abstract

Following the development of the neuroimaging sciences, the insula has been anatomically and functionally evaluated. With the new technology, important information about physiology and anatomy were obtained after CT, MR, and PET. Recent neuroimaging studies showed that volumetric changes of the insular cortex may be associated with many neuropsychiatric diseases. Most studies have shown that the volume of the insula in these psychiatric diseases was smaller than in healthy people. The main purpose of this book chapter is to provide some information about the volume of the insula and its clinical concepts.

Keywords

Insular cortex Insular cortex volume Volumetric techniques 

Abbreviations

BD

Bipolar disorder

CT

Computed tomography

DARTEL

Diffeomorphic Anatomical Registration Through Exponentiated Lie Algebra

DTI

Diffusion tensor imaging

fMRI

Functional MRI

GM

Gray matter

IBASPM

Individual Brain Atlas using Statistical Parametric Mapping

MDD

Major depressive disorder

MNI

Montreal Neurological Institute

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

NTS

Nucleus tractus solitarius

OCD

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

PDD

Pervasive developmental disorders

PET

Positron emission tomography

PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder

rCBF

Regional cerebral blood flow

ROI

Region of interest

SPM

Statistical Parametric Mapping

VBM

Voxel-based morphometry

VPM

Ventral posteromedial thalamic nucleus

WM

White matter

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niyazi Acer
    • 1
  • Mehmet Turgut
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyErciyes University School of MedicineKayseriTurkey
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryAdnan Menderes University School of MedicineAydınTurkey

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