Engineers and Scientists as Commercial Agents of the Spanish Nuclear Programme
The unique nature of the technological, financial and managerial decisions of the civil uses of nuclear power granted a leading role to engineers and scientists employed by the state and private companies in the USA, West Germany and the UK. But in less-developed countries too, such as Spain, the nuclear programme was started and influenced by a small group of engineers and scientists who operated as agents of economic modernization in the decision-making framework of a dictatorship. Making use of new archival sources, this chapter identifies three of these actors: two Spanish industrial engineers and executive directors, Jaime MacVeigh and Manuel Gutiérrez-Cortines, and the German scientist Karl Wirtz as facilitator. These three players performed strategic roles in the Spanish nuclear programme.