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Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells

  • Hiroyuki FujiwaraEmail author
  • Nikolas J. Podraza
  • Maria Isabel Alonso
  • Masato Kato
  • Kiran Ghimire
  • Tetsuhiko Miyadera
  • Masayuki Chikamatsu
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 212)

Abstract

Quite high efficiencies exceeding 20% have been realized in solar cells incorporating organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites (APbX3), which have a unique structure with a center cation [A = CH3NH3+, HC(NH2) 2 + ] located within a PbX3 cage (X = I, Br, Cl). Superior characteristics of hybrid perovskite solar cells can be understood from the nature of optical transitions and the efficient carrier collection in the device. From these points of view, this chapter provides details on optical properties of various hybrid perovskite materials and carrier dynamics in the solar cells. In particular, based on the first-principles analyses of different perovskite materials, we present universal rules that allow the unified interpretation of the optical absorption phenomenon in APbX3 perovskites. The external quantum efficiency (EQE) analysis further reveals that high short-circuit current densities (>20 mA/cm2) observed in the perovskite solar cells originate from electric-field-assisted carrier collection and the suppressed optical losses in the devices. Although hybrid perovskites have quite favorable characteristics for solar cells, these materials exhibit rather intense phase change upon exposure to humid air. In this chapter, the degradation process of CH3NH3PbI3 in humid air, characterized by applying ellipsometry technique, is further presented and discussed.

Notes

Acknowledgements

N. J. Podraza and K. Ghimire would like to acknowledge D. Zhao, A. Cimaroli, Y. Ke, F. Hong, T. Shi, and Prof. Y. Yan for providing samples and materials; M. Junda for graphical assistance; and the National Science Foundation for financial support (CHE-1230246). M. I. Alonso acknowledges financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, through grants CSD2010-00044, MAT2015-70850-P, and the “Severo Ochoa” Programme for Centres of Excellence in R&D (SEV-2015-0496).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroyuki Fujiwara
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nikolas J. Podraza
    • 2
  • Maria Isabel Alonso
    • 3
  • Masato Kato
    • 1
  • Kiran Ghimire
    • 2
  • Tetsuhiko Miyadera
    • 4
  • Masayuki Chikamatsu
    • 4
  1. 1.Gifu UniversityGifuJapan
  2. 2.University of ToledoToledoUSA
  3. 3.Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona (ICMAB-CSIC)BellaterraSpain
  4. 4.Research Center for Photovoltaics, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and TechnologyTsukubaJapan

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