Kidney Transplantation

Chapter

Abstract

Worldwide, there were almost 80,000 kidney transplants performed in 2014, comprising the majority of solid organs transplanted. Most kidney grafts are from deceased donors, but living donor kidneys still constitute a significant percentage. For recipients of kidneys from deceased and live donors, graft survival is 94% and 98% at 1 year and 73% and 84% at 5 years, respectively [1]. Recipients require close follow-up, which includes regular urinalysis, serum creatinine measurements, monitoring of the immunosuppressive therapy, ultrasounds, and biopsies. The clinical features of graft dysfunction are often nonspecific, and imaging plays an important role not only in evaluating the kidney transplant but also in guiding graft biopsies as necessary. Before undertaking an evaluation of the transplanted kidney, it is important to be familiar with the surgical-anatomical placement of the kidney transplant, the type of donor kidney, the arterial and venous anastomoses, and the ureteral attachments.

Keywords

Kidney Renal Transplant Graft Recipient Complications 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity of California Davis Medical CenterSacramentoUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryUniversity of California Davis Medical CenterSacramentoUSA

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