Environmental Impacts in Relation to Wind Energy

  • K. R. Rao


The environmental impacts irrespective of the energy source can range from extremely deleterious to acceptable minimum levels. In the case of fossil power generation, impacts could be extremely harmful in terms of long-term human health hazards. In the case of renewable energies such as solar and wind, the effect on health can be of acceptable levels, whereas in the case of biomass and bioenergy, it can be a minimax depending upon the surrounding environmental areas. For example, if farm products, located in sparsely populated areas with low-density development, are used for power generation, depending upon the level of carbon emissions, these could be acceptable for interim power generation. Thus, in addition to large scale, medium scale, or small scale of operation, consideration of the location where the generation takes place is important. The following seven World Bank regions are addressed such as the Pacific region; Europe and Central Asia; Latin America and the Caribbean; the Middle East and North Africa; sub-Sahara; South Asia; Canada, Mexico, and the rest of North America; and finally the United States.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. R. Rao
    • 1
  1. 1.KRRao ConsultingBrandonUSA

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