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Hydrogeological Assessment for Development and Management of Baseflow for Public Water Supply in Semi-arid and Fluoride Affected Hard Rock Areas

  • Pradip K. SikdarEmail author
  • Shouri Dutta
  • Saheb Das
  • Surajit Chakraborty
  • Utsab Ghosal
Chapter

Abstract

Worldwide, water resources in arid and semi-arid regions are finite; water tables are very low and run off is very high. Many of these areas have rapid growth of population resulting in increasing demand for water, deteriorating water quality, increasing environmental degradation and impending climate change. This situation requires more effort to assess water resources for local, regional and national planning and management in order to sustain development. Most of the economically viable development of water resources has already been implemented (Hamdy et al. 1995). The gap between demand and supply of water is increasing steadily in these regions. Therefore, it has now become imperative to develop innovative management options to close the gap between demand and supply of water which should take into consideration environmental concerns (Shadeed et al. 2007). In these areas groundwater is commonly the most important water resource. In many areas the groundwater has been over-exploited leading to the rapid fall in the water table or increase in the cost of exploitation because of the nature and disposition of the aquifer system. Baseflow which is a component of stream flow that is attributed to shallow groundwater discharge has generally been left unutilized. Therefore, development of baseflow for small to medium water supplies can be an important component of water management strategies in semi-arid areas of the world, in general and India, in particular.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work was supported by PHED grant no. 4178/79/H/2011 dated 25.03.2015 to the first author. The authors thank Goutam Roy Chowdhury, B.R. Poddar, Ajay Kundu, Tanay Das, Santanu Chowdhury, Arindam Mazumder, Pareshnath Roy and Sudip Ghosh of PHED, Government of West Bengal; Director, IISWBM for providing necessary infrastructure for the research; Jyotirmoy Majumdar, Scientific Research Laboratory for assistance in chemical analysis and Apurba Mondal and his team for assistance in drilling.

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Copyright information

© Capital Publishing Company, New Delhi, India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pradip K. Sikdar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shouri Dutta
    • 1
  • Saheb Das
    • 2
  • Surajit Chakraborty
    • 1
  • Utsab Ghosal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environment ManagementIndian Institute of Social Welfare and Business ManagementKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Ground Water StudiesKolkataIndia

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