Straits in the Baltic Sea: What Passage Rights Apply?
This chapter studies the navigational rights in the two major Baltic Sea straits, the Åland Strait and the Danish Straits, in the light of existing international law. Both straits are of major commercial and strategic relevance in the Baltic Sea and both have been subject to specific treaties in the past. Yet the current legal status of both straits include several uncertainties with regard to the extent to which other states' ships may freely navigate therein. The examples hence illustrate that even precise regulation in the law of the sea and specific international conventions is not a guarantee for uniformity of interpretation and application of navigational rights in the Baltic Sea.