Indian Spices pp 317-339 | Cite as

Recent Researches on Molecular Breeding for Spice Crop Improvement

Chapter

Abstract

Along with conventional approaches biotechnological interventions like in- vitro conservation, synthetic seed, somaclonal variation, protoplast fusion and development of transgenic crops have huge potential in conservation of spices, production and genetic improvement in spice. For production of secondary metabolites, flavor and coloring components transformed cell culture, transgenic approach are being attempted. Molecular markers and maps are being generated for genome sequencing, varietal identification, assessment of genetic variability and marker assisted breeding. Genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics study is being used as an important tool for identification and utilization of novel genes. Because of their commercial importance, intensification of biotechnological approaches in spice breeding are essential in the coming decade. Molecular or DNA markers viz., RAPD, AFLP, ISSR, SSR, sequence data from mitochondrial, chloroplast DNA and ribosomal DNA etc. are being used for molecular profiling, studying inter relationships among different species, varietal identification, estimating genetic purity, checking adulteration, mapping and tagging of genes of agronomic importance.

Keywords

Spices Molecular Breeding Gene Mapping DNA markers 

References

  1. Afolabi AS, Worland B, Snape J, Vain P (2005) Multiple T-DNA co-cultivation as a method of producing marker-free (clean gene) transgenic rice (Oryza sativa L.) plant. Afr J Biotechnol 4:531–540Google Scholar
  2. Agarwal YC, Hiran A, Galundia AS (1987) Ginger peeling machine parameters. Agric Mech Asia Afr Latin Am 18:57–62Google Scholar
  3. Anjali V, Nikhil K, Ranade SA (2004) Genetic diversity amongst landraces of a dioecious vegetatively propagated plant, betelvine (Piper betle L.) J Biosci 29(3):319–328Google Scholar
  4. Balashanmugam PV, Chezhiyan N, Ahmad Shah H (1986) BSR 1 turmeric. South Indian Hortic 34:60–61Google Scholar
  5. Bhat SR, Kackar A, Chandel KPS (1992) Plant regeneration from callus cultures of Piper longum L. by organogenesis. Plant Cell Rep 11(10):525–528Google Scholar
  6. Bhat AI, Hareesh PS, Madhubala R (2005) Sequencing of coat protein gene of an isolate of Cucumber Mosaic Virus infecting black pepper in India. J Plant Biochem Biotechnol 14:37–40Google Scholar
  7. Broome OC, Zimmerman RN (1978) In vitro propagation of black pepper. Hort Sci 43:151–153Google Scholar
  8. Chen ZH, Kai GY, Liu XJ, Lin J, Sun XF, Tang KX (2005) cDNA cloning and characterization of a mannose-binding lectin from Zingiber officinale Roscoe (ginger) rhizomes. J Biosci 30(2):213–220Google Scholar
  9. Collard BCY, Jahufer MZZ, Brouwer JB, Pang ECK (2005) An introduction to markers, quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping and marker-assisted selection for crop improvement: the basic concepts. Euphytica 142(1–2):169–196Google Scholar
  10. Edwards MD, Stuber CW, Wendel JF (1987) Molecular-marker-facilitated investigations of quantitative-trait loci in maize. I. Numbers, genomic distribution and types of gene action. Genetics 116(1):113–125Google Scholar
  11. Ganga G, Sandeep VR, Johnson KG (2004) ISSR and RAPD markers in diversity analysis of Piper species. In: Proceedings of the sixteenth Kerala Science Congress, 29–31 January, Kozhikode, p 639Google Scholar
  12. Gantait S, Debnath S, Ali MN (2014) Genomic profile of the plants with pharmaceutical value. Biotech 4(6):563–578Google Scholar
  13. Geetha SP, Nirmal Babu K, Rema J, Ravindran PN, Peter KV (2000) Isolation of protoplasts from cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton.) and ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) J Spices Aromat Crops 9:23–30Google Scholar
  14. Gayatri MC, Roopadarshini V, Kavyashree R, Kumar CS (2005) Encapsulation and regeneration of aseptic shoot buds of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Plant Cell Biotechnol Mol Biol 6(3/4):89–94Google Scholar
  15. Harlan JR (1992) Crops and man. American Society of Agronomy, Inc., and Crop Science Society of America, MadisonGoogle Scholar
  16. Hnia C, Mohamed B (2011) Genetic diversity of Lavandula multifida L. (Lamiaceae) in Tunisia: implication for conservation. Afr J Ecol 49:10–20Google Scholar
  17. IISR (2004) Annual report 2003–2004. Indian Institute of Spices Research, CalicutGoogle Scholar
  18. Irulappan I, Ponnuswamy V, Vadivel E, Dharmaraj G (1982) Sensitivity studies in pepper (Piper nigrum L.) South Indian Hortic 30:51–53Google Scholar
  19. Jakhar ML, Dhayal MS, Rathore VS (2003) In vitro flowering and seed formation in cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) In: Korikanthimath VS, John Zachariah T, Nirmal Babu K, Suseela Bhai R, Kandiannan K (eds) Proceedings of the national seminar on new perspectives in spices, medicinal and aromatic plants. Indian Society for Spices, Calicut, p 86Google Scholar
  20. Jayakumar VN, Nirmal Babu K, Venugopal MN (2005) Molecular characterization of small cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton.) collections and related genera using RAPD, PCR-RFLP and ISSR markers. In: Abstracts of the national symposium on biotechnological interventions for improvement of horticultural crops: issues and strategies, 10–12 January 2005, Kerala Agricultural University, Trissur, pp 122Google Scholar
  21. Keshavachandran R, Nazeem PA, Karihaloo JL (2005) Genetic fingerprinting of Piper nigrum L. and Piper longum L. Cultivars using RAPD markers. In: Proceedings of ICAR national symposium on biotechnological interventions for improvement of horticultural crops: issues and strategies, Kerala Agricultural University, Trissur, p 288–290Google Scholar
  22. Keshvachandran R, Khader MDA (1989) Tissue culture propagation of turmeric. South Indian Hortic 37(2):101–102Google Scholar
  23. Kumar V, Srivastava N, Singh A, Vyas MK, Gupta S, Katudia K, Vaidya K, Chaudhary S, Ghosh A, Chikara SK (2012) Genetic diversity and identification of variety-specific AFLP markers in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum). Afr J Biotechnol 11(19):4323–4329Google Scholar
  24. Madhusudhanan K, Rahiman BA (1997) In vitro response of Piper species on activated charcoal supplemented media. In: Edison S, Ramana KV, Sasikumar B, Nirmal Babu K, Santhosh JE (eds) Biotechnology of spices, medicinal and aromatic crops. Indian Society for Spices, Calicut, pp 16–19Google Scholar
  25. Masi L, de Siviero P, Esposito C, Castaldo D, Siano F, Laratta B (2006) Assessment of agronomic, chemical and genetic variability in common basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) Hortic Sci Eur Food Res Technol 223:273–281Google Scholar
  26. Mathews VH, Rao PS (1984) In vitro responses in black pepper (Piper nigrum). Curr Sci 53(4):183–186Google Scholar
  27. Meenakshi N, Suliker GS, Krishnamoorthy V, Hegde RV (2001) Standardization of chemical environment for multiple shoot induction of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) for in vitro clonal propagation. Crop Res Hissar 22(3):449–453Google Scholar
  28. Minoo D (2002) Seedling and somaclonal variation and their characterization in Vanilla. PhD thesis, Calicut University, KeralaGoogle Scholar
  29. Moose SP, Mumm RH (2008) Molecular plant breeding as the foundation for 21st century crop improvement. Plant Physiol 147(3):969–977Google Scholar
  30. Nadgauda RS, Mascarenhas AF, Hendre RR, Jagannathan V (1978) Rapid clonal multiplication of turmeric Curcuma longa L. plants by tissue culture. Indian J Exp Biol 16:120–122Google Scholar
  31. Nadgauda R, Mascarenhas AF, Madhusoodanan KJ (1983) Clonal multiplication of cardamom by tissue culture. J Plant Crops 11:60–64Google Scholar
  32. Nazeem PA, Menon R, Valsala PA (1993) Blossom, biological and hybridization studies in turmeric (Curcuma spp.) Indian Cocoa Arecanut Spices J 16:106–109Google Scholar
  33. Nazeem PA, Joseph L, Rani TG, Valsal Madhusudhanan K, Rahiman BA (1996) In vitro response of Piper species on activated charcoal supplemented media. In: Edison S, Ramana KV, Sasikumar B, Nirmal Babu K, Santhosh JE (eds) Biotechnology of spices, medicinal and aromatic crops. Indian Society for Spices, Calicut, pp 16–19Google Scholar
  34. Nazeem PA, Kesavachandran R, Babu TD, Achuthan CR, Girija D and Peter KV (2005) Assessment of genetic variability in black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) varieties through RAPD and AFLP analysis. In: Proceedings of national symposium on biotechnological interventions for improvement of horticultural crops: issues and strategies, Trissur, pp 226–228Google Scholar
  35. Nirmal Babu K, Rema J, Ravindran PN, Peter KV (1993a) Biotechnology in spices. Indian Hortic 38(3):46–50Google Scholar
  36. Nirmal Babu K, Sasikumar B, Ratnambal MJ, Johnson George K, Ravindran PN (1993b) Genetic variability in turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) Indian J Genet 53(1):91–93Google Scholar
  37. Nirmal Babu K, Ravindran PN, Peter KV (1997) Protocols for micropropagation of spices and aromatic crops. Indian Institute of Spices Research, Calicut, 35 ppGoogle Scholar
  38. Nirmal Babu K, Minoo D, Geetha SP, Samsudeen K, Rema J, Ravindran PN, Peter KV (1998) Plant biotechnology – it’s role in improvement of spices. Indian J Agric Sci 68(8 Special Issue):533–547Google Scholar
  39. Nirmal Babu K, Minoo D, Geetha SP, Ravindran PN, Peter KV (2005) Advances in biotechnology of spices and herbs. Ind J Bot Res 1(2):155–214Google Scholar
  40. Nazeem PA, Augustin M, Rathy K, Sreekumar PK, Rekha CR, Shaju KV, Peter KV, Girija D, Kesavachandran R (2004) A viable protocol for large scale in vitro multi-plication of black pepper (P. nigrum L.). J Plant Crops 32:163–168Google Scholar
  41. Nirmal Babu K, Minoo D (2003) Commercial microprop-agation of spices. In: Chandra R, Misra M (eds) Micropropagation of horticultural crops. International Book Distributing Company, Lucknow, p 345Google Scholar
  42. Nirmal Babu K (1997) In vitro studies in Zingiber officinale Rosc. PhD Thesis, Calicut University, KeralaGoogle Scholar
  43. Nirmal Babu K, Jayakumar VN, Minoo D, Venugopal MN, Sudarshan MR, Radhakrishnan V, Parthasarathy VA (2012) Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships among small cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton.) cultivars and related genera using DNA markers. Intl J Hort 1(1):47–56Google Scholar
  44. Omidbaigi R, Rahimi S, Naghavi MR (2009) Evaluation of molecular and essential oil diversity of coriander (Conundrum sativum L.) landraces from Iran. J Essent Oil Bear Plant 12:46–54Google Scholar
  45. Parameshwar NS (1977) Intergeneric hybridisation between cardamom and related genera. Curr Res 6:10Google Scholar
  46. Pattanshetti HV, Prasad ABN (1972) Blossom biology, pollination and fruit set in cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton). In: Third international symposium on subtropical and tropic, pp 262–268Google Scholar
  47. Philip VJ, Joseph D, Triggs GS, Dickinson NM (1992) Micropropagation of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) through shoot tip cultures. Plant Cell Rep 12:41–44Google Scholar
  48. Pradeep Kumar T, Karihaloo JL, Archak S (2001) Molecular characterization of Piper nigrum cultivars using RAPD markers. Curr Sci 8(13):246–248Google Scholar
  49. Pradeep Kumar T, Karihaloo JL, Archak S, Baldev A (2003) Analysis of genetic diversity in Piper nigrum L. using RAPD markers. Genet Res Crop Evol 50:469–475Google Scholar
  50. Pratap KP (1992) Artificial seeds: vatika from the seed and plant people. Spring Issue 1:27–30Google Scholar
  51. Priyadarsan PM, Zachariah PK (1986) Studies on in vitro culture on cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton) – progress and limitations. In: Somers DA et al (eds) VI international congress on plant tissue and cell culture. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, p 107Google Scholar
  52. Peter KV, Ravindran PN, Nirmal Babu K, Venugopal MN, Geetha SP, Benny D (2001) Production of somaclones and somatic hybrids of cardamom (Elettaria cardamo-mum Maton) for high yield and resistance to diseases. ICAR Project report. Indian Institute of Spices Research, Calicut, p 120Google Scholar
  53. Peter KV, Ravindran PN, Nirmal Babu K, Divakaran M (2008) Breeding of spice crops (black pepper, cardamom, ginger and turmeric)Google Scholar
  54. Ramachandran K (1982) Polyploidy induced in ginger by colchicines treatment. Curr Sci 51(6):288–289Google Scholar
  55. Ramachandran K, Chandrasekharan Nair PN (1992) Cytological studies on diploid and autotetraploid ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) J Spices Aromat Crops 1(2):125–130Google Scholar
  56. Rao SNK, Narayanaswamy S, Chacko EK, Doraiswamy R (1982) Regeneration of plantlets from callus of Elettaria cardamomum Maton. Proc Indian Acad Sci (Plant Sci) 91:37–41Google Scholar
  57. Ratnambal MJ, Ravindran PN, Nair MK, Nirmal Babu K (1990) Two high yielding selections of Karimunda. Spice India 3(11):9–11Google Scholar
  58. Ravindran PN (1991) Studies on black pepper and some of its wild relatives. PhD thesis, University of CalicutGoogle Scholar
  59. Ravindran PN, Johny AK (2000) High yielding varieties in Spices. Indian Spices 37(1):17–19Google Scholar
  60. Ravindran PN, Madhusoodanan KJ (2002) Cardamom- the genus Elettaria. Taylor & Francis, LondonGoogle Scholar
  61. Ravindran PN, Ratnambal MJ, Muneer VM (1986) Differential radiation sensitivity of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cultivars. Planter Kuala Lumpur 62:515–518Google Scholar
  62. Rema J, John CZ, Mini PM (1995) In vitro plant regeneration of economically important Piper species (P. nigrum L., P. barberi L., P. longum L., P. chaba Hunt). In: Nair MG (ed) Proceedings of the seventh Kerala Science Congress, Palakkad, pp 321–324Google Scholar
  63. Sajina A, Minoo D, Geetha P, Samsudeen K, Rema J, Nirmal Babu K, Ravindran PN, Peter KV (1997) Production of synthetic seeds in few spice crops. In: Edison S, Ramana KV, Sasikumar B, Nirmal Babu K, Eapen SJ (eds) Biotechnology of spices, medicinal and aromatic plants. Indian Society for Spices, Calicut, pp 65–69Google Scholar
  64. Salvi ND, George L, Eapen S (2002) Micropropagation and field evaluation of micropropagated plants of turmeric. Plant Cell Tiss Org 68(2):143–151Google Scholar
  65. Samsudeen K (1996) Studies on somaclonal variation produced by in vitro culture in Zingiber officinale Rosc. PhD thesis, University of Calicut, KeralaGoogle Scholar
  66. Sarasan V, Elizabeth T, Beena L, Nair GM (1993) Plant regeneration in Piper longum L. (Piperaceae) through direct and indirect adventitious shoot development. J Spices Aromat Crops 2(1&2):34–40Google Scholar
  67. Sarma YR, Devasahayam S, Kumar A, Aravind R (2014) Status of biological control of pest and disease management in spice crops. In: Koul O, Dhaliwal GS, Khokhar S (eds) Biopesticides in sustainable agriculture, progress and potential. RamSingh Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, pp 287–333Google Scholar
  68. Sasikumar BS, Ravindran PN, George JK (1994) Breeding ginger and turmeric. Indian Cocoa Arecanut Spices J 18:10–12Google Scholar
  69. Sasikumar B, Chembakam B, George JK, Remashree AB, Devasahayam S, Dhamayanthi KPM, Ravindran PN, Peter KV (1999) Characterization of interspecific hybrids in Piper. J Hortic Sci Biotechnol 74:125–131Google Scholar
  70. Shanmugam V, Thakur H, Gupta S (2012) Use of chitino-lytic Bacillus atrophaeus strain S2BC-2 antagonistic to Fusarium spp. for control of rhizome rot of ginger. Ann Micro Biol 63:989Google Scholar
  71. Shanmugam V, Gupta S, Dohroo NP (2013) Selection of a compatible biocontrol strain mixture based on co- cultivation to control rhizome rot of ginger. Crop Prot 43:119–127Google Scholar
  72. Sharma TR, Singh BM, Chauhan RS (1994) Production of encapsulated buds of Zingiber offi cinale Rosc. Plant Cell Rep 13:300–302Google Scholar
  73. Shylaja MR, Nair SG, Nazeem PA, Mallika VK, Mathew MK (1994) In vitro screening of black pepper for tolerance to Phytophthora capsici. PLACROSYM XI, Calicut, Nov–3 Dec 1994, pp 24–30Google Scholar
  74. Sim SL, Jafar R, Power JB, Davey MR (1998) Development of an Agrobacterium-mediated transformation system for black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) Acta Hortic 461:349–354Google Scholar
  75. Singh S, Panda MK, Nayak S (2012) Evaluation of genetic diversity in turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) using RAPD and ISSR markers. Industrial Crops and Products 37(1):284–291Google Scholar
  76. Spices Board of India (2014) http://www.indianspices.com/
  77. Sreedevi M, Syamkumar S, Sasikumar B (2005) Molecular and morphological characterization of new promising black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) lines. J Spices Aromat Crops 14:1–9Google Scholar
  78. Sudharsan MR (1989) Induced polyploids in cardamom. J Plant Crops 16:365–369Google Scholar
  79. Sundaram S, Purwar S (2011) Assessment of genetic diversity among fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.), using RAPD molecular markers. J Med Plant Res 5(9):1543–1548Google Scholar
  80. Syamkumar S, Sasikumar B (2007) Molecular marker based genetic diversity analysis of Curcuma species from India. Scientia Horticulturae 112(2):235–241Google Scholar
  81. Vatsya B, Dinesh K, Kundapurkar AR, Bhaskaran S (1987) Large scale plant formation of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) by shoot bud cultures. Plant Physiol Biochem 14:14–19Google Scholar
  82. Wang Y, Kumar PP (2004) Heterologous expression of Arabidopsis ERS1 causes delayed senescence in coriander. Plant Cell Rep 22(9):678–683Google Scholar
  83. Yamuna G (2007) Studies on cryopreservation of spice genetic resources. PhD thesis, Calicut University, KeralaGoogle Scholar
  84. Yasuda K, Tsuda T, Shimiju H, Sugaya A (1988) Multiplication of Curcuma sp. by tissue culture. Planta Med 54:75–79Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding & Crop PhysiologyInstitute of Agriculture (Palli Siksha Bhavana)Sriniketan, Visva-BharatiIndia

Personalised recommendations