Procedures in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Skin Cancer

  • Sarah Yagerman
  • Mary L. StevensonEmail author


Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States and constitutes a health burden to the population. Comprised predominately of basal cell carcinoma, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma, skin cancer accounts for nearly 20,000 deaths annually. Early diagnosis and treatment of skin cancer are critical in limiting morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis is generally made based on close examination and biopsy of suspicious lesions. Appropriate treatment depends on the specific histopathologic diagnosis as well as other considerations including area and size of the lesion and comorbidities of the patient. Treatment modalities include superficial therapies, such as cryotherapy or topical treatment, electrodessication and curettage, and surgical therapies including standard excision and Mohs micrographic surgery. Additionally, for more advanced disease, treatment may require a multidisciplinary approach, often with involvement of medical and radiation oncologists, and may include the use of systemic agents or radiation therapy.


Biopsy Excision Melanoma Atypical nevi Non-melanoma skin cancer Keratinocyte carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma Mohs micrographic surgery 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Ronald O. Perelman Department of DermatologyNYU Langone Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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