The Effects of Childhood Neglect on Neurological Development
Brain maturation occurs continuously from birth into young adulthood (Carlson, 2013; De Bellis, 2005) with continued modifications throughout life associated with exposure to sensory stimulation and experience (Carlson, 2013; Perry, 2002; Joseph, 1999). However, the early childhood environment plays an integral role in the neurodevelopmental process (Perry, 2002), such that a lack of sensory stimulation and experience (e.g., physical and cognitive neglect) can contribute to adverse neurological functioning. Consequently, altered neurological development associated with an impoverished childhood environment can present in childhood and remain into adulthood (De Bellis, 2005; Glaser, 2000; Joseph, 1999; Perry, 2002).
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