Advertisement

The Effects of Childhood Neglect on Neurological Development

  • Nicole A. Sciarrino
  • Tyler Elizabeth Hernandez
  • Jennifer Davidtz
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Psychology book series (BRIEFSPSYCHOL)

Abstract

Brain maturation occurs continuously from birth into young adulthood (Carlson, 2013; De Bellis, 2005) with continued modifications throughout life associated with exposure to sensory stimulation and experience (Carlson, 2013; Perry, 2002; Joseph, 1999). However, the early childhood environment plays an integral role in the neurodevelopmental process (Perry, 2002), such that a lack of sensory stimulation and experience (e.g., physical and cognitive neglect) can contribute to adverse neurological functioning. Consequently, altered neurological development associated with an impoverished childhood environment can present in childhood and remain into adulthood (De Bellis, 2005; Glaser, 2000; Joseph, 1999; Perry, 2002).

References

  1. Bogdan, R., Williamson, D. E., & Hariri, A. R. (2012). Mineralocorticoid receptor Iso/Val (rs5522) genotype moderates the association between previous childhood emotional neglect and amygdala reactivity. American Journal of Psychiatry, 169, 515–522.  https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2011.11060855 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Caldwell, R. A., Bogat, G. A., & Davidson, W. S. (1988). The assessment of child abuse potential and the prevention of child abuse and neglect: A policy analysis. American Journal of Community Psychology, 16, 609–624.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00930017 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Carlson, N. R. (2013). Physiology of behavior: Pearson new international edition. Harlow, UK: Pearson Higher Education.Google Scholar
  4. De Bellis, M. D. (2005). The psychobiology of neglect. Child Maltreatment, 10, 150–172.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1077559505275116 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Gauthier, L., Stollak, G., Messé, L., & Aronoff, J. (1996). Recall of childhood neglect and physical abuse as differential predictors of current psychological functioning. Child Abuse & Neglect, 20, 549–559.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0145-2134(96)00043-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Glaser, D. (2000). Child abuse and neglect and the brain—A review. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 97–116.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021963099004990 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Gold, S. N. (2000). Not trauma alone: Therapy for child abuse survivors in family and social context. Philadelphia: Routledge.Google Scholar
  8. Joseph, R. (1999). Environmental influences on neural plasticity, the limbic system, emotional development and attachment: A review. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 29, 189–208.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022660923605 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Lawson, G. M., Camins, J. S., Wisse, L., Wu, J., Duda, J. T., Cook, P. A., et al. (2017). Childhood socioeconomic status and childhood maltreatment: Distinct associations with brain structure. PLoS One, 12, 1–16.  https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.4811404 Google Scholar
  10. Maheu, F. S., Dozier, M., Guyer, A. E., Mandell, D., Peloso, E., Poeth, K., et al. (2010). A preliminary study of medial temporal lobe function in youths with a history of caregiver deprivation and emotional neglect. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 10, 34–49.  https://doi.org/10.3758/CABN.10.1.34 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Moxley, K. M., Squires, J., & Lindstrom, L. (2012). Early intervention and maltreated children: A current look at the child abuse prevention and treatment act and part C. Infants & Young Children, 25, 3–18.  https://doi.org/10.1097/IYC.0b013e3182392ff0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Perry, B. D. (2002). Childhood experience and the expression of genetic potential: What childhood neglect tells us about nature and nurture. Brain and Mind, 3, 79–100.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1016557824657 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Strathearn, L., Gray, P. H., O'Callaghan, M. J., & Wood, D. O. (2001). Childhood neglect and cognitive development in extremely low birth weight infants: A prospective study. Pediatrics, 108, 142–151.  https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.108.1.142 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Teicher, M. H., Dumont, N. L., Ito, Y., Vaituzis, C., Giedd, J. N., & Andersen, S. L. (2004). Childhood neglect is associated with reduced corpus callosum area. Biological Psychiatry, 56, 80–85.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2004.03.016 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Watts-English, T., Fortson, B. L., Gibler, N., Hooper, S. R., & De Bellis, M. D. (2006). The psychobiology of maltreatment in childhood. Journal of Social Issues, 62, 717–736.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.2006.00484.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicole A. Sciarrino
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tyler Elizabeth Hernandez
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jennifer Davidtz
    • 2
  1. 1.James A. Haley Veterans’ HospitalTampaUSA
  2. 2.Nova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA
  3. 3.Henderson Behavioral HealthHollywoodUSA

Personalised recommendations