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Anesthesiology pp 435-444 | Cite as

Anesthesia for Nuss Procedures (Pectus Deformity)

  • Vanessa A. Olbrecht
Chapter

Abstract

Pectus excavatum, one of the most common chest wall deformities, is typically repaired via the Nuss repair, a minimally invasive technique that is associated with significant postoperative pain. Although somewhat controversial, this surgery has generally been found to result in improved cardiopulmonary function and body image in patients undergoing repair. Preoperatively, understanding the degree of cardiopulmonary compromise related to the pectus deformity to properly prepare for surgery is key. Intraoperatively, general endotracheal anesthesia with double lung ventilation is most commonly used. Although rare, the most serious complication is serious cardiovascular injury resulting in significant hemorrhage; careful attention must be paid intra-operatively to monitor for such complications. Post-operatively, patients routinely experience significant postoperative pain. Analgesic modalities used to manage this pain include any combination of the following: patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), epidural, paravertebral blocks, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs), ketamine, intercostal blocks, acetaminophen and muscle relaxants. Patient generally keep the bar in place for 2–4 years, with removal occurring on an outpatient basis. Table 46.2 provides a summary of anesthesia considerations for the repair of pectus excavatum.

Keywords

Pectus excavatum Nuss repair Anesthetic management Epidural Pain management Multimodal analgesia Chest wall deformity 

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesia and PediatricsCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA

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