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Anesthesiology pp 413-420 | Cite as

Anesthesia for Intestinal Obstruction

  • Ilana Fromer
  • Kumar G. Belani
Chapter

Abstract

Intestinal obstruction is one of the most common pathologies in pediatric patients and has historically been a major cause of neonatal and infant mortality due to either an inaccurate or tardy diagnosis leading to a delay in surgical intervention and supportive care (Glover and Barry, Ann Surg 130:480–509, 1949). Earlier recognition and appropriate care has led to increased patient survival with surgical correction that is usually the definitive treatment in almost all cases. Anesthetic management for a pediatric patient with intestinal obstruction is not always straightforward and can present several challenges to the pediatric anesthesiologist. This chapter will discuss the most common causes of pediatric intestinal obstruction and the perioperative and anesthetic considerations involved in the care of these patients. Table 43.1 provides a guide to the care of newborns, infants and children with intestinal obstruction.

Keywords

Imperforate anus Duodenal atresia Jejunoileal atresia Hirschsprung’s disease Malrotation Volvulus Intussusception Incarcerated hernia Appendicitis 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilana Fromer
    • 1
  • Kumar G. Belani
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Minnesota, Masonic Children’s HospitalMinneapolisUSA

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