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The Methods of Algal Biomass Extraction: Toward the Application

  • Agnieszka Dmytryk
  • Katarzyna Chojnacka
  • Edward Rój
Chapter
Part of the Developments in Applied Phycology book series (DAPH, volume 8)

Abstract

Increasing customer need for natural products of both high and well-defined activity has enhanced the use of biological materials, such as algal biomass. At the same time, algae transport and storage issues, concerning fresh seaweeds in particular, have led to the development of biomolecule isolation, including extraction. To the best of our knowledge, various approaches have been successfully applied in extracting biologically active compounds from algal biomass, among which solvent and temperature treatment are the most common. Considering novel methods, processing under high pressure (pressurized liquid and supercritical fluid extraction) and ultrasound-, microwave-, and enzyme-assisted extraction have been reported. The approaches differ in their efficacy and selectivity and extract purity, determining the usability of the final product in either bulk manufacturing or as a high-value material. Application of algae-based constituents in food and beverage products, dietary and feed supplements, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals is being widely discussed. Recently, the usability of algae oil in the technology of biofuels has been extensively examined. In the current work, preparation of algal extracts and formulations for potential industrial use are discussed.

Keywords

Phycocolloids Astaxanthin β-carotene Algae oil Eicosapentaenoic acid Docosahexaenoic acid 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Agnieszka Dmytryk
    • 1
  • Katarzyna Chojnacka
    • 1
  • Edward Rój
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Advanced Material TechnologiesWrocław University of Science and TechnologyWrocławPoland
  2. 2.Supercritical Extraction DepartmentNew Chemical Syntheses InstitutePuławyPoland

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