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Algae As Fertilizers, Biostimulants, and Regulators of Plant Growth

  • Agnieszka Dmytryk
  • Katarzyna Chojnacka
Chapter
Part of the Developments in Applied Phycology book series (DAPH, volume 8)

Abstract

Currently, legislation restricts the use of mineral fertilizers and pesticides and thus forces a new approach to reducing the use of chemical products through either parallel application or partial replacement with formulations capable of enhancing the efficiency of conventional treatment. Among the natural materials of such capability are algae, which contain a variety of biologically active compounds verified to have a beneficial influence on plants. Algal derivatives have been confirmed to provide crops with nutrients, increase biomass production, and activate the natural ability of plants to respond properly to stress agents. Depending on the formulation, algae-based products might show the functionality of organic fertilizers or components of organo-mineral fertilizers, soil amendments (improvers), (bio)stimulants, and pesticides. However, current European rules are not harmonized at the union level. Until a single market is established, algae’s potential for plant growth enhancement will not be sufficiently developed. There are, however, new strategies for elaborating EU-wide standards and regulations governing products obtained within value chains based on secondary feedstock.

Keywords

Sustainable agriculture Plant stress Signaling pathways Phytohormones Phlorotannins Algal polysaccharides 

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Advanced Material TechnologiesWrocław University of Science and TechnologyWrocławPoland

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