Energy Efficient Operations of Warships: Perspective of the Indian Navy

  • Amit BatraEmail author
  • Rohit Prakash
Part of the WMU Studies in Maritime Affairs book series (WMUSTUD, volume 6)


Naval fleets comprise a wide range of vessels, such as Aircraft Carriers, Cruisers, Destroyers, Frigates, Corvettes, Patrol Vessels and Fleet Tankers; these ships have varied patterns of energy usage based on their roles and assigned missions. These combatants usually have high power density plants installed for propulsive and electrical power loads, which are more focused on achieving operational objectives than being emission “friendly”. The Indian Navy (IN), a rapidly growing force with an intensive shipbuilding program underway, has launched a ‘Green Initiatives Program’ to optimize energy use across its fleet as well as shore support organizations, without compromising on the effectiveness of naval operations. IN endeavors to make its designs, shipbuilding outcomes and even modes of operations more energy efficient and thus achieve reduction in energy consumption/use. It has already launched measures aimed at both technological and behavioral changes. The analysis at hand aims to highlight the perspective and overall measures that IN has taken or intends to introduce towards its “green objectives”. Furthermore, how the work being undertaken globally in all spheres of technology, by commercial, non-governmental and governmental agencies to reduce the emission footprints of commercial ships can be applied directly or indirectly towards that direction is also discussed.


Energy efficient naval operations Green initiatives program of Indian Navy Indices for monitoring performance Multi design point optimization 


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Further Reading

  1. Anderson, T., Gerhard, K., & Sievenpiper, B. (2013). Operational ship utilization modeling of the DDG-51 class. ASNE Proceedings 2013.Google Scholar
  2. Batra, A., (2015). Warship propulsion and powering technology: The present and the future. In Indian Navy advanced naval propulsion technologies conference proceedings 2013. Google Scholar
  3. Batra, A., & Gupta, T. (2009). Marine engine emissions and their control present and the future. Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India), 89, 16–24.Google Scholar
  4. Dominic, C. S., & Karafiath, G. (2012). Hydrodynamic energy saving enhancements for DDG 51 class ships. Report by Naval surface warfare center, Carderock Division, Resistance and Propulsion Division.Google Scholar
  5. Maynard, S. (2015). The Cost of speed, Naval Technology, Naval Forces IV, 2015.Google Scholar
  6. McCoy, T., Zgliczynski, J., Johanson, N. W., Puhn, F. A. & Martin T.W. (2007, October). Hybrid electric drive for DDG-5l class destroyers, NEJ, 119(2).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. O’Rourke, R. (2006). Navy ship propulsion technologies: Options for reducing oil use. Report: Background for Congress Updated December 11, 2006.Google Scholar
  8. Walters, R., Gaffney, R., Knoch, S., & Plath, E. (2011). Improving maintenance management tools and data collection to increase surface ship fuel efficiency. ASNE Proceedings 2011.Google Scholar
  9. Webster, J. S., Fireman, H., Allen, D. A., Mackenna, A. J. & Hootman, J.C. (2007, October). Alternative propulsion methods for surface combatants and amphibious warfare ships. NEJ, 119(2).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Integrated Headquarters Ministry of Defence (Navy)New DelhiIndia

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