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The Emerging Roles of microRNAs in Stem Cell Aging

  • Catharine Dietrich
  • Manish Singh
  • Nishant Kumar
  • Shree Ram Singh
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1056)

Abstract

Aging is the continuous loss of tissue and organ function over time. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are thought to play a vital role in this process. miRNAs are endogenous small noncoding RNAs that control the expression of target mRNA. They are involved in many biological processes such as developmental timing, differentiation, cell death, stem cell proliferation and differentiation, immune response, aging and cancer. Accumulating studies in recent years suggest that miRNAs play crucial roles in stem cell division and differentiation. In the present chapter, we present a brief overview of these studies and discuss their contributions toward our understanding of the importance of miRNAs in normal and aged stem cell function in various model systems.

Keywords

microRNAs Stem cells Cellular senescence Aging 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catharine Dietrich
    • 1
  • Manish Singh
    • 2
  • Nishant Kumar
    • 3
  • Shree Ram Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Stem Cell Regulation and Animal Aging Section, Basic Research LaboratoryNational Cancer InstituteFrederickUSA
  2. 2.Mouse Cancer Genetics ProgramNational Cancer InstituteFrederickUSA
  3. 3.Hospitalist Division, Department of MedicineInova Fairfax Medical CampusFalls ChurchUSA

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