Synthetic Biology Enables Photosynthetic Production of Limonene from CO2 and H2O

  • Charles HalfmannEmail author
  • Liping Gu
  • William Gibbons
  • Ruanbao Zhou


  • The physical and chemical properties of limonene, a C10 isoprenoid with applications in green solvents, pharmaceuticals, perfumes, and food flavorings

  • An overview of efforts to genetically engineer cyanobacteria to synthesize limonene

  • Perspectives on developing integrated systems to produce limonene at the industrial-scale


Cyanobacteria Limonene Isoprenoids Metabolic engineering 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Halfmann
    • 1
    Email author
  • Liping Gu
    • 1
  • William Gibbons
    • 1
  • Ruanbao Zhou
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology and MicrobiologySouth Dakota State UniversityBrookingsUSA

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