Advertisement

The Main Environmental Matrices: Air, Soil, and Water

  • Sílvio Vaz Jr.
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter describes the main aspects of chemical composition and functionality of air, soil, and water. Furthermore, here are presented several methods of sampling, extraction, cleanup, separation, and analysis of EPs in these matrices.

Keywords

Chemical composition Physicochemical properties Sampling Sample preparation Analysis 

References

  1. Boor BE, Spilak MP, Laverge J, Novoselac A, Xu Y (2017) Human exposure to indoor air pollutants in sleep microenvironments: a literature review. Build Environ 125:528–555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation. Embrapa (1997) Manual de métodos de análise de solo [Guidelines for soil analysis], 2nd edn. National Research Center for Soils, Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
  3. del Carmen Hurtado-Sánchez M, Lozano VA, Rodriguez-Cácerez MI, Durán-Merás I, Escandar GM (2015) Green analytical determination of emerging pollutants in environmental waters using excitation–emission photoinduced fluorescence data and multivariate calibration. Talanta 134:215–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Clapp CE, Hayes MHB, Senesi N, Bloom PR, Jardine PM (eds) (2001) Humic substances and chemical contaminants. Soil Society of America, MadisonGoogle Scholar
  5. Gunatilake SR, Munasinghe VK, Ranaweera R, Mlsna TE, Xia K (2016) Recent advancements in analytical methods for the determination of steroidal estrogen residues in environmental and food matrices. Anal Methods 8:5556–5568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Le MD, Duong HA, Nguyen MH, Sáiz J, Pham HV, Mai TD (2016) Screening determination of pharmaceutical pollutants in different water matrices using dual-channel capillary electrophoresis coupled with contactless conductivity detection. Talanta 160:512–520CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Magi E, Di Carro M, Mirasole C, Benedetti B (2018) Combining passive sampling and tandem mass spectrometry for the determination of pharmaceuticals and other emerging pollutants in drinking water. Microchem J 136:56–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Mirtov BA (1964) Gaseous composition and its analysis. Bagate R (Trad.) Devons DJ (Ed.) Smithsonian Institution Libraries, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  9. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) (2017) Define sampling plan. http://www.itl.nist.gov/div898/handbook/ppc/section3/ppc33.htm. Accessed Nov 2017
  10. Newton S, Sellström U, Harrad S, Yu G, de Witt CA (2016) Comparisons of indoor active and passive air sampling methods for emerging and legacy halogenated flame retardants in Beijing, China offices. Emerging Contam 2:80–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Nong Y, Ma X, Fan S, Yu Y (2014) A fast and low-cost method for determination of melamine in soil and sediment using high performance liquid chromatography. Anal Methods 6:4124–4129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Robles-Molina J, Lara-Ortega FJ, Gilbert-López B, García-Reyes JF, Molina-Díaz A (2014) Multi-residue method for the determination of over 400 priority and emerging pollutants in water and wastewater by solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr A 1350:30–43CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Snoeyink VL, Jenkins D (1996) Química del água [Water chemistry]. Limusa, México CityGoogle Scholar
  14. Sun M, Ye M, Wu J, Feng Y, Wan J, Tian D, Shen F, Liu K, Hu F, Li H, Jiang X, Yang L (2015) Positive relationship detected between soil bioaccessible organic pollutants and antibiotic resistance genes at dairy farms in Nanjing, Eastern China. Environ Pollut 206:421–428CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) (1996). SW-846 Test method 8061A: phthalate esters by gas chromatography with electron capture detection (GC/ECD). https://www.epa.gov/hw-sw846/sw-846-test-method-8061a-phthalate-esters-gas-chromatography-electron-capture-detection. Accessed Oct 2017
  16. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) (1997) Standard operation procedure—soil sampling. EPA, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) (1999) Compendium of methods for the determination of toxic organic compounds in ambient air (EPA/625/R-96/010b), 2nd edn. EPA, CincinnatiGoogle Scholar
  18. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) (2013) Standard operation procedure—groundwater sampling. EPA, AthensGoogle Scholar
  19. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) (2016) Standard operation procedure—surface water sampling. EPA, AthensGoogle Scholar
  20. University of the West of England (2013) Science for environment policy in-depth report: soil contamination: impacts on human health. Report produced for the European Commission DG Environment. http://ec.europa.eu/science-environment-policy. Accessed Oct 2017
  21. Vaz Jr. S (2016) Sorption behavior of the oxytetracycline antibiotic to two Brazilian soils. Chem Biol Technol Agric 3:6Google Scholar
  22. Vrana B, Smedes F, Prokes R, Loos R, Mazzella N, Miege C, Budzinski H, Vermeirssen E, Ocelka T, Gravell A, Kazerzon S (2016) An interlaboratory study on passive sampling of emerging water pollutants. TrAC Trends Anal Chem 76:153–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wang B, Zhonghui L, Yao Y, Wang L, Sun H (2016) Sampling methods of emerging organic contaminants in indoor air. TrEAC, Trends Environ Anal Chem 12:13–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Weber OLS, Chitolina JC, Camargo AO, Alleoni LRF (2005) Cargas elétricas estruturais e variáveis de solos tropicais altamente intemperizados [Structural and variable electrical charges of highly weathered tropical soils]. Rev Bras Ciênc Solo 29:867–873CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. World Health Organization (WHO) (2006) Air quality guidelines—global update 2005. WHO Regional Officer for Europe, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  26. World Health Organization (WHO) (2010) WHO guidelines for indoor air quality—selected pollutants. WHO Regional Officer for Europe, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  27. World Health Organization (WHO) (2017) Chemical mixtures in source water and drinking-water. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  28. Xie X, Ebinghaus R (2008) Analytical methods for the determination of emerging organic contaminants in the atmosphere. Anal Chim Acta 610:156–178CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sílvio Vaz Jr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Embrapa Agroenergia, Parque Estação BiológicaBrazilian Agricultural Research Corporation - National Research Center for AgroenergyBrasiliaBrazil

Personalised recommendations