Europe’s growing dependence on natural gas from Russia and its ever-cosier relationship with the Kremlin has unnerved strategists from Brussels to Washington. The USA very recently became a net exporter of natural gas and wants a piece of the pie in the European market, which would have to be to the detriment of Russian exports, and it wanted to put a dent in the aforesaid cosy relationship. Against this background the Ukrainian crisis provided the perfect opportunity for the USA to decouple Europe from Russia’s embrace. Europe finds itself caught as a pawn in a dangerous, high-stakes game. Will the USA know when to stop pushing? Will Europe manage to play off one supplier against the other for its own good?