Advertisement

Bio-synthesized Nanoparticles as Photo-catalysts for Destruction or Degradation of Toxic Species

  • K. Anand
  • K. G. MoodleyEmail author
  • A. A Chuturgun
Chapter

Abstract

The biosynthesis of metal nanoparticles using plants has received considerable attention as a suitable alternative to using hazardous chemical and physical techniques. Plants are being exploited for their unique metal tolerance and effective production of metal nanoparticles. A single plant contains a multitude of chemical elements (e.g. proteins, vitamins, enzymes, amino acids, polysaccharides and other organic compounds) that are “environmentally benign, yet chemically complex” and therefore serve as ideal tools for enhanced medicinal and catalytic applications. It has been reported that polyols such as terpenoids, polysaccharides and flavones take part in the bio-reduction, stabilisation and bio-capping mechanisms to form stable metal nanoparticles. This chapter focuses on the photocatalytic activity of phyto-synthesised metal nanoparticles and their applications to degradation of toxic and potentially toxic organic compounds to benign by-products.

Keywords

Green synthesis Nanoparticles Dye degradation ZnO NPs AuNPs Pd NPs 

References

  1. Ahmed KBA, Subramanian SA, Veerappan G, Veerappan A (2014) Preparation of gold nanoparticles using Salicornia brachiata plant extract and evaluation of catalytic and antibacterial activity. Spectrochim Acta A 30:54–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amin M, Anwar F, Janjua MR, Iqbal MA, Rashid U (2012) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles through reduction with Solanum xanthocarpum L. berry extract: characterization, antimicrobial and urease inhibitory activities against Helicobacter pylori. Int J Mol Sci 13:9923–9941CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anand K, Gengan RM, Phulukdaree A, Chuturgoon A (2015) Agroforestry waste Moringa Oleifera petals mediated green synthesis of gold nanoparticles and their anti-cancer and catalytic activity. J Industrial Eng Chem 21:1105–1111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Anastas P, Eghbali N (2010) Green chemistry: principles and practice. Chem Soc Rev 39(1):301–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Anupama N, Madhumitha G (2017) Green synthesis and catalytic application of silver nanoparticles using fruits. Inorg Nano-Metal Chem 47(1):116–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bahram M, Mohammadzadeh E (2014) Green synthesis of gold nanoparticles with willow tree bark extract: a sensitive colourimetric sensor for cysteine detection. Mater Res Bull 6(17):6916–6924Google Scholar
  7. Bar H, Bhui DK, Sahoo GP, Sarkar P, Pyne S, Misra A (2009) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using seed extract of Jatropha curcas. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 348:212–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chattoraj S, Amin A, Jana B (2016) Selective killing of breast cancer cells by doxorubicin-loaded fluorescent gold nanoclusters. Method Enzymol 17(2):253–259Google Scholar
  9. Deokar GK, Ingale AG (2016) Green synthesis of gold nanoparticles (Elixir of life) from banana fruit waste extract - an efficient multifunctional agent. Process Biochem 6(78):2046–2207Google Scholar
  10. Devi TB, Ahmaruzzaman M (2016) Bio-inspired sustainable and green synthesis of plasmonic ag/AgCl nanoparticles for enhanced degradation of organic compound from aqueous phase. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:17702–17714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Elango G, Kumaran SM, Kumar SS, Muthuraja S, Roopan SM (2015) Green synthesis of SnO2 nanoparticles and its photocatalytic activity of phenolsulfonphthalein. Spectrochim Acta a Molecul Biomolecul. Spectroscopy 145:176–180Google Scholar
  12. El-Deeb B, Mostafa NY, Tork S, El-Memoni N (2015) Optimization of green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using bacterial strain of Alcaligenes Faecalis. Nanosci Nanotech Let 6(5):372–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Espitia PJP, Nilda de Fátima Ferreira Soares NDF, Jane Sélia dos Reis Coimbra JSR, de Andrade NJ, Cruz RS, Medeiros EAA (2012) Zinc oxide nanoparticles: synthesis, antimicrobial activity and food packaging applications food. Bioprocess Technol 5:1447–1464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fowsiya J, Madhumitha G, Al-Dhabi NA, Arasu MV (2016) Photocatalytic degradation of Congo red using Carissa edulis extract capped zinc oxidenanoparticles. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 162:395–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gardea-Torresdey JL, Gomez E, Peralta-Videa JR, Parsons JG, Troiani H, Jose-Yacaman M (2003) Alfalfa sprouts: a natural source for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles. Langmuir 19:1357–1361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. GnanaJobitha G, Annadurai G, Kannan C (2012) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticle using Elettaria cardamomum and assessment of its antimicrobial activity. Int Pharma Sci Res 3:323–330Google Scholar
  17. Han F, Rao VS, Srinivasan KM, Rajarathnam D, Naidu R (2009) Tailored titanium dioxide photocatalysts for the degradation of organic dyes in wastewater treatment: a review. Appl Catal A General 359(1–2):25–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hatakeyama Y, Onishi K, Nishikawa K (2011) Effects of sputtering conditions on formation of gold nanoparticles in sputter deposition technique. Roy Soc Ser Adv Sci 1:1815–1821Google Scholar
  19. Hemalatha K, Madhumitha G, Kajbafvala A, Anupama N, Sompalle R, Roopan SM (2013) Function of nanocatalyst in chemistry of organic compounds revolution: an overview. J Nanomater 2013:1–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hemalatha K, Madhumitha G (2015) Eco-friendly synthesis of palladium nanoparticles, environmental toxicity assessment and its catalytic application in Suzuki Miyaura Coupling. Res J Pharma Technol 8(12):1691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hong RY, Li JH, Chen LL, Liu DQ, Li HZ, Zheng Y, Ding J (2009) Synthesis, surface modification and photocatalytic property of ZnO nanoparticles. Powder Technol 189(3):426–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Iravani S, Korbekandi H, Mirmohammadi SV, Zolfaghari B (2014) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles: chemical, physical and biological methods. Res Pharm Sci 9(6):385–406PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Jha AK, Prasad K (2011) Green fruit of chili (Capsicum annuum L.) synthesizes nano silver. Digest J Nanomater Biostruct 6:1717–1723Google Scholar
  24. Jobitha GDG, Kannan C, Annadura G (2012) A facile Phyto-assisted synthesis of silver nanoparticles using the flower extract of Cassia Auriculata and assessment of its antimicrobial activity. Drug Invention Today 4:579–584Google Scholar
  25. Kalpagam S, Kannadasan T (2014) Preparation of titanium dioxide nanoparticles and its application in wastewater treatment. J Chem Biol Phys Sci 4(3):1936–1944Google Scholar
  26. Kanchanamayoon W (2015) Sample preparation methods for the determination of chlorination disinfection byproducts in water samples. Chromatographia 78(17):1135–1142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kandiel TA, Feldhoff A, Robben L, Dillert R, Detlef W, Bahnemann DW (2010) Tailored titanium dioxide nanomaterials: Anatase nanoparticles and Brookite Nanorods as highly active Photocatalysts. Chem Mater 22(6):2050–2060CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Karpovich NF, Pyachin SA, Pugachevskii MA, Burkov AA, Zaytsev AV, Makarevich KS, Ri KH (2015a) Optical properties of anatase nanoparticles doped with tungsten. J Appl Spectrosc 82(5):767–772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Karpovich NF, Pyachin SAM, Pugachevskii A, Burkov A, Zaytsev VKS, Makarevich E, Ri K (2015b) Optical properties of Anatase nanoparticles doped with tungsten. Process Biochem 82(5):767–772Google Scholar
  30. Konwarh R, Gogoi B, Philip R, Laskar MA, Karak N (2011) Biomimetic preparation of polymer-supported free radical scavenging, cytocompatible and antimicrobial green silver nanoparticles using aqueous extract of Citrus sinensis peel. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 84:338–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kora AJ, Arunachala J (2012) Green fabrication of silver nanoparticles by gum Tragacanth (Astragalus gummifer): a dual functional reductant and stabilizer. J Nanomater 2012:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kouvaris P, Delimitis A, Zaspalis V, Papadopoulos D, Tsipas SA, Michailidis M (2012) Green synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles produced using Arbutus unedo leaf extract. Mater Lett 76:18–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kumar KP, Paul W, Sharma CP (2012) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles with Zingiber officinale extract and study of its blood compatibility. Bio Nano Sci 2:144–152Google Scholar
  34. Madhumitha G, Elango G, Roopan SM (2016) Biotechnological aspects of ZnO nanoparticles: overview on synthesis and its applications. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 100(2):571–581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Manikam VJ, Cheong KY, Razak KA (2011) Chemical reduction methods for synthesizing ag and al nanoparticles and their respective nanoalloys. Mater Sci Eng B-Adv 176:3187–3203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mata R, Bhaskaran A, Sadras SR (2016) Green-synthesized gold nanoparticles from Plumeria alba flower extract to augment catalytic degradation of organic dyes and inhibit bacterial growth. Particuology 24:78–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Mokhtari N, Daneshpajouhb S, Seyedbagheri S, Abdi RAK, Sarkar S, Minaian S, Shahverdi HR, Shahverdi AR (2009) Biological synthesis of very small silver nanoparticles by culture supernatant of Klebsiella pneumonia: the effects of visible-light irradiation and the liquid mixing process. Mater Res Bull 44(6):1415–1421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Nakkala JR, Mata R, Sadras SR (2016) The antioxidant and catalytic activities of green-synthesized gold nanoparticles from Piper longum fruit extract. Process Saf Environ 100:288–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Omri K, Bettaibi A, Najeh I, Rabaoui S, Khirouni K, Mir E (2016) Role of annealing temperature on electrical and optical properties of ZnO nanoparticles for renewable energy application. J Mater Sci-Mater El 27:226–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Patil MH, Kim G-D (2017) Eco-friendly approach for nanoparticles synthesis and mechanism behind antibacterial activity of silver and anticancer activity of gold nanoparticles. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 101:79–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Prashanth S, Menaka I, Muthezhilan R, Sharma NK (2011) Synthesis of plant-mediated silver nano particles using medicinal plant extract and evaluation of its anti-microbial activities. Int J Eng Sci Technol 3:6235–6250Google Scholar
  42. Ramakrishna M, Babu DR, Gengan RMCS, Rao GN (2016) Green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using marine algae and evaluation of their catalytic activity. J Nanostruct Chem 6(1):1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Ramkumar G, Karthi S, Suganya LR, Shivakumar MS (2016) Evaluation of silver nanoparticle toxicity of Coleus Aromaticus leaf extracts and its Larvicidal toxicity against dengue and Filariasis vectors. Bio Nano Sci 6:308–315Google Scholar
  44. Renata D (2016) Biofabrication of platinum nanoparticles using Fumariae herba extract and their catalytic properties.,  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2016.11.012 Google Scholar
  45. Roopan SM, Khan FN (2010) ZnO nanoparticles in the synthesis of AB ring core of camptothecin. Chem Pap 64(6):812–817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Roopan SM, Rohit MG, Rahuman AA, Kamaraj C, Bharathi A, Surendra TV (2013) Low-cost and eco-friendly phyto-synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Cocos nucifera coir extract and its larvicidal activity. Ind Crop Prod 43:631–635CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Roopan SM, Kajbafvala A, Banadaki AD, Madhumitha G, Pillai KS (2014) Bimetallic nanomaterials: functional efficacy towards synthesis, photocatalytic degradation, and biomedical catalysts. J Nanomater 2014:1–3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Sathishkumar M, Sneha K, Yun YS (2010) Immobilization of silver nanoparticles synthesized using Curcuma longa tuber powder and extract on cotton cloth for bactericidal activity. Bioresour Technol 101:7958–7965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Sathishkumar P, Jayakumar KVR, Yusoff ARM, Hadibarata T, Palvannan T (2016) Phyto-synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Alternanthera tenella leaf extract: an effective inhibitor for the migration of human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) cells. Bioprocess Eng 39(4):651–659Google Scholar
  50. Savithramma N, Rao ML, Rukmini K, Devi PS (2011) Antimicrobial activity of silver nanoparticles synthesized by using medicinal plants. Int J ChemTech Res 3:1394–1402Google Scholar
  51. Shaligram NS, Singhal RS, Singh SK, Szakacs G, Pandey A (2009) Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using aqueous extract from the compactin producing fungal strain. Process Biochem 44(8):939–943CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Shaniba VS, Aziz AA, Manish Kumar PR (2017) Phyto-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles from annona muricata fruit extract, assessment of their biomedical and photocatalytic potential. Int J Pharm Sci and Res 8(1):170–181Google Scholar
  53. Sheny DS, Philip D, Mathew J (2012) Rapid green synthesis of palladium nanoparticles using the dried leaf of Anacardium occidentale. Spectrochim Acta A 91:35–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Solgi M, Taghizadeh M (2012) Silver nanoparticles eco-friendly synthesis by two medicinal plants. Int J Nanomater Biostruct 2:60–64Google Scholar
  55. Song W, Jeon C, Kim M, Kwon YT, Kim DSJS, Jung WS, Kim Y, Lee SY, Choi WC, Han YH, Lee BC, Chong-Yun Park CY (2011) The decoration of multi-walled carbon nanotubes with metal nanoparticles of uniform size using MeV electron beam irradiation. Carbon 49(5):1692–1698CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Tahir K, Nazir S, Ahmad A (2017) Facile and green synthesis of phytochemicals capped platinum nanoparticles and in vitro their superior antibacterial activity. J Photochem Photobiol B 166:246–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Thema FT, Manikandan E, Dhlamini MS, Maaza M (2016) Green synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles via Agathosmabetulina natural extract. Mater Lett 161:124–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Thiruvenkatachar R, Vigneshvaran S, Moon S (2008) A review of UV / TiO2 photocatalyticoxidation process. Korean J Chem Eng 25(1):64–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Valodkar M, Jadeja RN, Thounaojam MC, Devkar RV, Thakore S (2011) In vitro toxicity study of plant latex capped silver nanoparticles in human lung carcinoma cells. Mater Sci Eng 31:1723–1728CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Velayutham K, Rahuman AA, Rajakumar G, Roopan SM, Elango G, Kamaraj C, Marimuthu S, Santhoshkumar T, Iyappan M, Siva C (2013) Larvicidal activity of green synthesized silver nanoparticles using bark aqueous extract of Ficus racemosa against Culex quinquefasciatus and Culex gelidus. Asian Pac J Trop Med 6:95–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. White GV II, Kerscher P, Brown MR, Morella DJ, Mc Allister W, Dean D, Kitchens LC (2012) Green synthesis of robust, biocompatible silver nanoparticles using garlic extract. J Nanomater 2012:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Xin JY, Lin K, Wang Y, Xia CG (2014) Methanobactin-mediated synthesis of gold nanoparticles supported over Al2O3 toward an efficient catalyst for glucose oxidation. Int J Mol Sci 15:21603–21620CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Yu J, Xu D, Guan HN, Wang C, Huang LK, Chi DF (2016) Facile one-step green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using Citrus Maxima aqueous extracts and its catalytic activity. Mater Lett 166:110–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Zhan G, Huang J, Du M, Abdul-Rauf I, Ma Y, Qingbiao L (2011) Green synthesis of Au–Pd bimetallic nanoparticles: single-step bioreduction method with plant extract. Mater Lett 65(19–20):2989–2991CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical Chemistry, School of Laboratory Medicine and Medical SciencesUniversity of KwaZulu-NatalDurbanSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryDurban University of TechnologyDurbanSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations