Bio-synthesized Nanoparticles as Photo-catalysts for Destruction or Degradation of Toxic Species

  • K. Anand
  • K. G. MoodleyEmail author
  • A. A Chuturgun


The biosynthesis of metal nanoparticles using plants has received considerable attention as a suitable alternative to using hazardous chemical and physical techniques. Plants are being exploited for their unique metal tolerance and effective production of metal nanoparticles. A single plant contains a multitude of chemical elements (e.g. proteins, vitamins, enzymes, amino acids, polysaccharides and other organic compounds) that are “environmentally benign, yet chemically complex” and therefore serve as ideal tools for enhanced medicinal and catalytic applications. It has been reported that polyols such as terpenoids, polysaccharides and flavones take part in the bio-reduction, stabilisation and bio-capping mechanisms to form stable metal nanoparticles. This chapter focuses on the photocatalytic activity of phyto-synthesised metal nanoparticles and their applications to degradation of toxic and potentially toxic organic compounds to benign by-products.


Green synthesis Nanoparticles Dye degradation ZnO NPs AuNPs Pd NPs 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical Chemistry, School of Laboratory Medicine and Medical SciencesUniversity of KwaZulu-NatalDurbanSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryDurban University of TechnologyDurbanSouth Africa

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