Imaging Anatomy: Conventional Radiography

  • Janos Gyebnar
  • Gyorgy Gulacsi
  • Gabriela M. Supp
  • Peter Vince Balint
  • Peter Mandl


When Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen discovered X-rays in 1895, the first radiograph he took was of his wife’s hand (Röntgen, Sitzungsberichte der Physikalisch-medizinischen Gesellschaft zu Würzburg 9:132–41, 1895). Conventional radiography has played a key role in musculoskeletal imaging ever since and is generally the first imaging modality performed in most rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases. It is by far the most commonly performed imaging technique for depicting the skeletal system. Conventional radiographs may be diagnostic on their own or may provide relevant information, often complementing other imaging techniques, such as ultrasound (Isenberg and Renton, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003). A basic understanding of conventional radiography is therefore indispensable for rheumatologists and sonographers alike.


X-ray Radiograph Standard view 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janos Gyebnar
    • 1
  • Gyorgy Gulacsi
    • 2
  • Gabriela M. Supp
    • 3
  • Peter Vince Balint
    • 4
  • Peter Mandl
    • 3
  1. 1.Radiology DepartmentNational Institute of Rheumatology and PhysiotherapyBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Semmelweis UniversityDoctoral School of Clinical MedicineBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine IIIMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  4. 4.3rd Rheumatology DepartmentNational Institute of Rheumatology and PhysiotherapyBudapestHungary

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