Cuticle as Functional Interface in Insect Infrared Receptors

Chapter
Part of the Biologically-Inspired Systems book series (BISY, volume 10)

Abstract

Pyrophilous (‘fire-loving‘) insects depend on forest fires for their reproduction. Therefore, such insects approach ongoing fires and invade the freshly burnt area immediately. In beetles members of two genera of jewel beetles (Buprestidae) and one species of the genus Acanthocnemus (Acanthocnemidae) show a highly pyrophilous behaviour. Additionally, pyrophilous behaviour has also been described for four species of the large flat bug genus Aradus (Aradidae). For the long-range navigation towards a fire as well as for the short-range orientation on a freshly burnt area these insects have developed special sensors for the smell of burning and for infrared (IR) radiation. Whereas the olfactory receptors for smoke are located on the antennae, the IR receptors are housed in extraantennal sensory organs. Although the community of pyrophilous insects is rather small, no ‘standard’ IR receptors exist. Receptors are located on the thorax or on the abdomen and show a stunning diversity with respect to structure and function. Two functional principles and three fundamentally different designs have been described. Nevertheless, in all receptors the cuticle plays an important role as interface between incoming radiation and the associated sensory cells. The cuticular apparatus of an IR receptor, therefore, has to manage effective absorption and subsequent fast transformation of photon energy into a state variable which can be perceived by the sensory cells. The chapter provides an overview about the known insect IR receptors with a focus on the impact of the cuticle in IR perception.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are indebted to E. S. Schneider (Graz, Austria) for preparing Figs. 1.3c and e. eye of science, Meckes & Ottawa GbR, Reutlingen, Germany, generously provided Fig. 1.4b.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoologie, Universität BonnBonnGermany

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