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Importance of Insects for Use as Animal Feed in Low-Income Countries

  • Syrine Chaalala
  • Achille Leplat
  • Harinder Makkar
Chapter

Abstract

Insects provide an alternative sustainable source of protein to the growing population, as well as to the animals in the low-income world. The depletion of resources linked with the increased demand for animal products due to growing population and fast-growing economies of the low-income countries make insects a sustainable alternative to fish and soybean meal for the livestock and aquaculture sectors. The insect meal market has a great potential for innovation. Growth of alternative protein sources is poised to accelerate, potentially claiming up to a third of the protein market by 2054, profoundly affecting agriculture, food technology, and end products. Insect meal, made largely from larvae, is rich in high quality protein (45–68% dry matter basis), has a good amino profile and high digestibility. This new resource could substitute soybean meal and fishmeal in animal and fish diets. Such livestock farming has the potential to reduce importation dependency in low-income countries and boost the local and participatory economy. Small scale farms can strongly contribute to the improvement of small farmers’ livelihood by not only generating an additional source of income, but also alleviating the dependency on currently marketed animal feed, whose prices have quintupled in the past 15 years. With a low initial investment required in equipment, space and water-resource, smallholder farmers can contribute to the development of their local economies and sustainable development of their regions, aligning with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Syrine Chaalala
    • 1
  • Achille Leplat
    • 1
  • Harinder Makkar
    • 2
  1. 1.nextProteinParisFrance
  2. 2.Food and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsRomeItaly

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