Mapping ICS Materials: Interactive, Connected, and Smart Materials

  • Stefano ParisiEmail author
  • Davide Spallazzo
  • Venere Ferraro
  • Marinella Ferrara
  • Mauro Attilio Ceconello
  • Camilo Ayala Garcia
  • Valentina Rognoli
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 722)


In the last years, new classes of advanced materials are emerging, influenced by computing, Internet of Things, and hybridization of design with science. These materials are overpassing conventional smart materials, by presenting additional degrees of intelligence. These are ICS Materials, an acronym for Interactive, Connected, and Smart Materials. While research centers around the world are experimenting with these new materials, there is the need to reflect on their definition, develop a classification, and identify constraints, potentials, and their impact on design. This paper is a step in this direction and provides the initial results of a basic research project focused on studying ICS Materials. In this paper, we provide the theoretical foundations and present a tentative map for them. This map is the result of an ongoing process of analysis of about one hundred best examples and practices. In conclusion, emerging issues and questions arisen from this study are presented.


Materials and design ICS Materials Interactive materials Connected materials Smart materials 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefano Parisi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Davide Spallazzo
    • 1
  • Venere Ferraro
    • 1
  • Marinella Ferrara
    • 1
  • Mauro Attilio Ceconello
    • 1
  • Camilo Ayala Garcia
    • 1
  • Valentina Rognoli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of DesignPolitecnico di MilanoMilanItaly

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