Complexity: The Tipping Point for Leadership

  • Kadambari Ram


Leadership theory has developed over the last century, in turn informed by developments in scientific theories from social science, natural science, and interdisciplinary fields. General systems theory (GST) triggered a paradigm shift in leadership thinking and began the transformation of organizations from the old managerialism dominated regime to open systems. However, complexity theory (CT) provided the lens through which organizations could be viewed as complex adaptive systems (CAS), thereby providing a powerful arsenal of tools for tackling critical current and future leadership problems as complex as viral epidemics, population dynamics, climate change, and speciesism.


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kadambari Ram
    • 1
  1. 1.Zen ClinicalCape TownSouth Africa

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