Stress and Nutrition During Pregnancy: Factors Defining Transgenerational Future Health Within the Family

  • Tania Romo-GonzálezEmail author
  • Raquel González-Ochoa
  • Rosalba León-Díaz
  • Gabriel Gutiérrez-Ospina
Part of the The Anthropocene: Politik—Economics—Society—Science book series (APESS, volume 23)


A normal pregnancy is defined as the physiological state of a woman from fertilization to the birth of one or more living, healthy and full-term infants. Meanwhile, the term high-risk pregnancy refers to anomalous gestational conditions (e.g. eclampsia), which increase the possibility of pathophysiological states in the mother and/or the infant. There are several biological, gynaeco-obstetric and social risk factors for a high risk pregnancy. Conditions such as malnutrition, negative emotions, perceived stress and maternal anxiety are predictors of pathological conditions in both mother and child (e.g. obesity, diabetes, different types of cancer and some neurological and cardiovascular pathology). This scenario requires a modification of the concept of ‘high-risk pregnancy’, and advocates taking into account the monitoring of stress, anxiety, depression and food quality during pregnancy as potential risk factors not only for the baby, but also for subsequent generations.


Pregnancy Distress Malnutrition Negative emotions Transgenerational health 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Tania Romo-González
    • 1
    Email author
  • Raquel González-Ochoa
    • 1
  • Rosalba León-Díaz
    • 1
  • Gabriel Gutiérrez-Ospina
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Integrated Health and BiologyInstitute of Biological Research, Universidad VeracruzanaXalapaMexico
  2. 2.Institute of Biomedical Research, UNAMMexico CityMexico

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