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The German-Ottoman Alliance, the Caucasus, and the Impact of the Russian Revolutions of 1917

  • Thomas Schmutz
Chapter

Abstract

With the focus of First World War historiography dominated by the western front, Thomas Schmutz turns his attention to the maligned German-Ottoman war alliance and the Ottoman-Russian front. In 1917, the Russian revolutions effectively removed the Ottoman empire’s rival in the Caucasus, altering the Ottoman government’s ambitions and complicating its relationship with its wartime allies, Germany and Austria-Hungary. While there appeared to be an opportunity for both Germany and the Ottomans to expand their spheres of influence in the Middle East, dreams of new imperial greatness turned into rivalry and deadlock. While the Ottomans aimed at establishing a Pan-Turanian empire in the Caucasus, Germany feared the uncontrolled expansion of its war partner and the effects of violence against Armenians and other ethnic minorities.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Schmutz
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for the History of ViolenceNewcastleAustralia
  2. 2.University of ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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